How to wear saree for bharatanatyam dance
15 Dances of India | Classical Dance Forms of India & States
India has many dances, coming from every state in the country, although there are only six forms of the classical dances recognised by India on a national level. They are Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, and Odissi. The folk dances of India are much more than mere body movements, from the very ancient times the classical dance forms of India is considered as a discipline and a way to devote yourself to God through art.
Here are the 15 dance forms of India:
Tamil Nadu, South IndiaSource
Performed on the celestial tunes of the Carnatic music, Bharatnatyam comes from the state of Tamil Nadu in South. The origins of Bharatnatyam can be traced back to 1000 BC, and it originates from the ancient temples of Tamil Nadu performed by the women of the classical period. The dance form is known for its beautiful body movements and gestures which are called Mudras in the traditional language. It focuses on the hand gestures, leg movement and the facial expressions of the dancer. This dance form was very prevalent before the British era but was profoundly depressed during the colonial period. However, India kept the dance form alive in the houses, and today it is recognised as one of the most respectable art forms in India especially in the Southern region of the country where it is a moment of pride for the women of the house to learn the classical dance form of Bharatnatyam.
Uttar Pradesh, North IndiaSource
Coming from the northern part of the country from the state of Uttar Pradesh, Kathak comes from the word 'Katha' which means "story" in Hindi. It isn't a very smart guess for one to make that Kathak is performed in the form of storytelling through the body movements used by the dancer. Kathak is often referred to as the dance of love, and it can be performed by both by the male and female dancer together. This dance form focuses highly on the ankle movements complemented by the ankle that has to match the beats of the music. Ankle bells or gunghroos as they are called in the traditional language is an important part of the discipline of this dance form. Various distinctions can be witnessed in this dance forms as it is performed in various places in the country which includes Jaipur, Benaras, and Lucknow.
Kerala, South IndiaSource
Kathakali is another traditional dance form of India which relates to the storytelling. Kathakali translates to the 'storyteller' in the country's language. Coming from the Southern region of the country from Kerala, Kathakali is one of the most renowned and religious dances forms of India. It originates from the tales of Ramayana and Shiva stories. Kathakali includes the intriguing face movements and the heavy costumes which include the traditional face masks and body paints (generally green). The music which includes only the vocals is called Soppanam. The storytelling of the epic Hindu mythology tales depicting both evil and good is shown through the conversation between the dancers only through their body gestures and facial expressions. Simply fascinating to watch!
Manipur, North East IndiaSource
As you stroll towards the North-east India which is brimming with the rich tradition and their unique culture, Manipuri comes as an important symbol to represent the state of Manipur from the region. This dance form is performed to narrate the romantic relationship between the Hindu gods Radha and Krishna, which is famously known as RaasLeela. This art form is performed in a team with the traditional Manipuri costumes and makeup to narrate the tale of the two gods. The dance is performed on the narrative chanting and the music created by the Indian classical instruments.
Belonging to the Andhra Pradesh, Kuchipudi is probably the toughest form of classical dance in India. Kuchipudi is not just considered as the dance but a whole religious procedure dedicated to God which includes certain rituals such as sprinkling the holy water, burning the incense sticks and praying to God. Kuchipudi includes both singing and dancing by the performer which is why it requires both the skill and much more dedication than any other art forms in India. In the earlier period, Kuchipudi was only performed by the male dancers in the temples, specifically the Brahmins( Upper caste of the society) but with the passage of time, it became famous amongst the women and nowadays it is mostly performed by the female dancers.
Odisha, East IndiaSource
Odissi dance form comes from the state of Odisha in the eastern part of India. The traditional dance has been derived from the Hindu temples in Odisha. Most of the gestures and movements (Mudras) are inspired by the sculptors and idols belonging to the ancient temples of India. The dance is performed as a way to express the mythological tales of Hindu gods, including that of Shiva and Surya. The dance is accompanied by a mythical story, Hindi poem in the form of music by the musicians. Odissi is considered as the oldest dance forms of India which are surviving till today. Odissi dance is performed mostly by the women dancers, and it includes more than 50 intriguing mudras (body movements).
Punjab, North IndiaSource
Belonging to Punjab, Bhangra is a heart-pumping dance adorned with the loud beats of dhol( traditional Indian instrument). It is very prevalent in traditional Punjabi festivals.
Gujarat, West IndiaSource
Garba comes from Gujarat which is a traditional dance form dedicated to Goddess Durga. It is performed in a couple on the typical Gujarati music, and the sticks are used to perform this art form.
Kashmir, North IndiaSource
Performed by the Kashmiri people to celebrate their festivals and important occasions, Rouf is a soothing dance form generally performed by the female dancers on the traditional Kashmiri music.
Wearing heavy jewellery and the beautiful costumes you will find the people of Rajasthan dancing on the beats of music to give away their traditional dance form. Ghoomar includes the intriguing circular movements complemented by the hand gestures.
The beautiful women dressed in the elegant attire performing the dance form of Chhau is what you see during the festival time in Kolkata. The popular art coming from eastern India is considered as the dance in the form of martial arts.
Assam, North-east IndiaSource: Wikipedia Commons
Young men and women mostly perform this joyous folk dance from Assam during the Bihu festival. The dancers follow a pattern of rapid hand movement, quick steps and a rhythmic swaying of hips wearing the traditional Assamese clothing with beautiful accessories. Marking the beginning of spring season, Bihu recites the happiness and heritage of Assam and is performed on the occasion of Rangali Bihu. The dhol, Xutuli, Toka, Baanhi, Gogona are the instruments used to play the traditional tunes for the performance. The origin of Bihu is not very known, although the records profoundly state that it is originated from the Bisu dance performed by communities of Upper Assam like the Sonowal Kacharis, Deoris, Moran, Chutias and Borahis. The dance form isn't just known in India but globally popular. This popular Indian Dance was performed at the London Olympics in 2012.
Maharashtra, West IndiaSource
Originated from the state of the Maratha empire, Lavani is a dance form of Maharashtra. The female-oriented dance is a blend of traditional music and tales of deities. The origin of Lavani comes from the word Lavanya which means beauty. Apart from helping in the upliftment of the Marathi folk theatre, the dance form was also a morale booster during the war in the 18th century. Lavani has two forms; One that's philosophical - Nirguni Lavani and the other that's sensual- Shringar Lavani. With the powerful and quick foot-tapping tempo, the dance form is performed along with the beats of the Dholak. The stories or subjects this dance is based on revolves around topics of religion, politics, society and mostly romance. Dancers are dressed in nine-yard of saree with golden jewellery. The dance was initially staged at local temples in the form of worship, but now it's a sensual dance performed to the pulsating beats rendering a socio-political satire.
Kerala, South IndiaSource
In Indian mythology, Mohini is the female avatar of Lord Vishnu, and the meaning of Attam in Malayalam is rhythmic motion hence adhering to the dance of the divine enchantress. It is the second most popular dance form of Kerala. This classical Indian dance form roots from the age-old Sanskrit text - Natya Shastra. It is traditionally performed by women following a repertoire of Carnatic music, singing and acting a play. At times, the song, a typical hybrid of Malayalam and Sanskrit also called Manipravalam, is sung by the performer herself. With a repertoire of instruments such a Mridangam, Madhalam, Flute, Idakka, Veena and Kuzhitalam; the music is rendered in ragas and performed in a slow melodic style. Although the Lasya dance is often portrayed as gentle, graceful and feminine, it also exhibits a vigorous dance of Tandava relating to Lord Shiva. Besides its popularity, the dance was ridiculed by a series of laws as a devadasi prostitution system during the colonial British Raj. A ban that was protested repealed in 1940 and with the help of the locals of Kerala, Mohiniyattam was revived and reconstructed.
15. Sattriya DanceAssam, North East IndiaSource
Mahapurusha Sankaradeva, a Vaishnava saint and reformer of Assam, introduced Sattriya dance in the 15th century AD. This dance form was preserved in the Sattras or the Vaishnava Maths; therefore, it remained a living tradition. This dance was an artistic way of presenting mythological teachings. Traditionally this dance was performed by the male monks or bhokots. However, today, the practice has changed in many ways. The theme is not just related to mythology, and the performances are not limited to the Sattras. Even women can perform Sattriya dance and on the stage.
Origin of Indian Dance Forms
Indian dances can be traced back to ancient times. In the cave paintings of Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh, one can see dancing figures. The sculptures that date back to the Indus Valley Civilization also portray dancing figures. The text related to the origin of dance in India can be found in Natya Shastra, which was written by the sage Bharata. This text dates back to the 2nd century AD. In this text, the creation of dance is credited to Lord Brahma, who takes its knowledge from the four Vedas.
Other Dance Forms in India & Their States
Kolattam, Vilasini Natyam, Dhimsa
Aji Lamu, Roppi, Phoning
Bagurumba, Ali Ai Ligang
Dandari, Gendi, Panthi, Karma, Damkach
Mando, Talgari, Suvari, Dasarawadan, Kunbi, Fugadi
Raas, Bhavai, Tippani
Kullu Nati, Namgen, Hikat, Chham
Dumhal, Kud, Bhand Jashan
Krishna Parijatha, Nagamandala, Bhootha Aradhane
Kaikottikali, Thumbi Thullal
Karma, Gaur Maria, Kaksar, Ahiri
Pavri, Dhangari Gaja
Khamba Thoibi, Pung Cholom
Ghumura, Ruk Mar, Goti Pua
Kuccgi ghodi, Kalbelia, Bhavai, Sapera dance
Singhi Cham, Khukuri, Talachi
Karagaattam, Mayil Attam, Kolaattam, Kummi, Kavadi
Barada Nati, Chapeli, Langvir
Gambhira, Kalikapatadi, Domni
It's downright astonishing to notice how many unique dances of India are hidden within each state of India. With endless varieties of cultural art forms adorned with traditions, dances reflect the cultural richness. Our nation is indeed united in diversity.
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East Indian dances for children. Indian dances - video lessons for beginners
You can find Indian dance lessons in Moscow using our portal Dance.Firmika.ru, which contains the most detailed and up-to-date information about the city's dance studios. We offer to find an Indian dance studio suitable for the area or metro station, study the prices for one-time lessons or full subscriptions. The feedback left by the students about the classes will be very useful!
One of the main attractions of India is the elegant and mesmerizing Indian dances. Originating over several millennia ago art and today enjoys unchanging popularity in all countries of the world. During the performance of the dance, Hindus improve spiritually, developing your mind and aesthetic senses, improving the artistry and flexibility of the body. Classical Indian dance emphasizes the natural beauty of the dancers, and gives the real enjoyment of the process. Young people will appreciate modern Indian dances, with special dynamics and brightness.
Indian dance for beginners
You can start learning by choosing the most suitable direction. More often of all, beginners prefer classical Indian dances, which are unusual way combine dance plasticity and grace, acting expressiveness and brightness. All dances of this direction are based on the sacred Hindu dance and music Natyu's style, which includes not only dancing, but also singing, the art of facial expressions. More modern types of Indian dances are also performed by men.
In Europe, eight styles are classified as classical dances of this direction: Kuchipudi, Kathak, Satria, Mohiniattam, Kathakali, Bharata-natyam, Odissi and Manipuri. Bharata Natyam and Odissi belong to the so-called "dances of liberation souls", in which there are practically no dialogues between dancers, rarely light facial expressions are also used. Kathak is one of the most difficult Indian dances. performed on outstretched legs with varied and rich facial expressions. Each of types of these dances is complex in its own way - even the most demanding student will be able to choose the perfect option for your needs and wishes.
Features of teaching Indian dances
In order to master these directions perfectly, the dancer must have excellent physical fitness, understand Indian culture and mythology, since initially these dances arose as an addition to religion. Today dance studios offer both classical Indian dance lessons and pursuit of its more modern directions. During training, future dancers master the art of pantomime and expression of emotions, develop artistry and get real pleasure from dancing.
The classic of true Indian dance is a unique combination of physical and spiritual principles. All of them are easily recognizable by the specific movements of the dancers, each of which has its own meaning and significance. "Indian Dances - Tutorial" will help those who want to master or improve the technique of the original movements of Indian dances.
Hindu legends insist on the divine origins of the dance, the main movements of which were invented by the god Shiva, he is also called the Lord of the dance Shiva or Nataraja. He initiated the secrets of the movements to his wife Parvati, and then passed them on to men, and Parvati to women. Many lines of movement coincide with yoga.
Video-training "Indian dances - self-instruction"
Their movements captivate the attention of the audience and subjugate the consciousness, as if transferring them to a world with another dimension, with other colors and divinely sublime images.
Many ancient treatises on dances are known, which "legitimized" its traditions. And yet, they have their own "handwriting". Kathak is popular in northern India, Bharata Natyam in the south, and Odissi in the east. According to the classification of the National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama, there are eight types of classical Indian dances:
- Bharata Natyam.
Until the beginning of the last century, temple dances belonged only to temple rites. They are based on spiritual practice and are of the same age as yoga. The performers, along with the musicians, were held in high esteem and were even kept at the expense of the church. They took part in all the ceremonies dedicated to the cult of God. The place around the temple was considered the only place where people could admire the dance. During the period of British rule, it began to lose its ritual purpose.
Folk and dances that viewers are used to seeing in Indian cinema are not canonized and there are no traces of them in any writings.
Mudra and Hasta
position of fingers and hand gestures. Then master the "alphabet" of the movements of the body, as well as the neck, head, eyes, etc.
Movements with one hand are called asamyuta hasta, and with two - samyuta hasta. In every movement, some meaning is encoded - Hasta Viniyoga. In technical dances, where the main semantic load is aesthetic perception, hasta, there is nothing more than an artistic framing of movements - rasa.
Once upon a time, the dances were called “dances of the “servant of God”, i.e. temple dancers, and is known as the most ancient dance - theater. All of them are canonized. Alaripu and jatiswaram are accompanied and have their own melody and fixed sequence of movements. They looked at the European audience more than others.
Alaripu. Literally means "flower bud". The dancer acts as a flower, offers the deity a dance and a flower. At first motionless, but gradually coming to life. Then the eyes come to life, parts of the body gradually begin to move. The dance is performed to the recitative sollukatta, smolukatta, accompanied by a drum.
Jatiswaram in jati means “variations” and swaram means “range of notes”. The beginning is fast with a gradual slowing down of the tempo followed by corvey dance blocks.
Indians cultivate folk traditions and well-established dance steps with their dances. For Europeans, they are interesting for their originality and the possibility of adaptation, like a show, adding variety to the dance art palette.
Indian dance video lessons for beginners Intricate and bright, uplifting, Indian dances known to everyone in the world. They are also familiar from films. And simply because now the kaleidoscope of these amazing movements is becoming more and more popular. But everyone knows how difficult it is for those who are just starting to learn something. Naturally, Indian dances are no exception. Everyone remembers how bright, but rather complex movements are there.
Especially some of them. Also, when performing Indian dances, it is important to express emotions with the eyes in an expressive way. Indian women have eyebrows involved in the dance, and lips stretched in a wide smile, and burning eyes with inviting looks. But beginners should first deal with the first difficulties. These, unfortunately, also include the choice of teaching method.
If you want the most economical option, but one that will teach as well as any instructors, you can choose the proposed video lessons suitable for all beginners. Who said that the art of Indian dance, despite all its complexity, cannot be learned on its own? At home, especially being in splendid isolation in a room, a beginner dancer feels much more comfortable and relaxed. Have a nice and productive viewing of the girl, the main thing is to believe in yourself and everything will work out!
Video lesson: Indian folk dance (online learning)!
Video lesson: Indian dances - tutorial!
Video lesson: Bharatanatyam - video training!
A selection of Indian dance lessons for beginners:
Below is a selection of step by step Indian dance lessons for beginners at home that will surely teach you something useful and helpful.
If you have questions, objections, or would like to express your opinion or point of view, you are always free to leave a comment below. We wish you good luck in your endeavor!
Indian dance videos will help you learn to comprehend dance from different angles, you will discover an inexhaustible source of inspiration and good mood. In addition, join the centuries-old Indian culture through dance - one of its brilliant facets. And to top it all, with regular practice, you will be able to maintain excellent physical shape for many years, because Indian dance is a firework of movements and the load falls on almost all muscle groups.
Indian dances captivating with their beauty and aesthetics are familiar to each of us since childhood. From the unusual, sometimes passionate and captivating movements of Indian dancers, it exudes exoticism, and they have long gained worldwide fame. Russian viewers, brought up on the bright musical films produced in India, will certainly want to take the opportunity to feel like one of the heroines from the screen.
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A colorful dance accompanied by a melodic tune brings joy both to the performers themselves and to those who watch the colorful action with delight. The choreography of Indian dance is usually constructed in such a way as to produce a powerful external effect on the audience. The dancers manage to convey violent emotions through movements, their plasticity is distinguished by sensuality, grace and half-disguised sexuality, which by itself leaves no one indifferent.
- Bollywood video lesson
First you need to decide on the style of dance that you want to learn first of all. It can be the incredibly beautiful Kuchipudi, Kathak, Bharatanatyan, classical dance or Indian fusion. Whatever you choose, rest assured that the Indian dance studio will be able to perfectly prepare you for self-study. The training program will begin with an introduction to the basics of dance and basic movements.
Indian dance lessons
Indian dance originated more than two thousand years ago, when girls serving in Asian temples were charged with the duty to please the celestials with singing and dancing. Of course, only those dancers who were in perfect control of their bodies were accepted into the service, because the best offerings were to be destined for the gods. Over time, women have achieved such mastery in their art that wealthy pilgrims, in order to see their divine charms, made huge donations to temples.
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Today Indian dance lessons are available to any woman who wants to learn how to control her body and cause unfeigned admiration of the audience. Being engaged, you will receive not only the load necessary to maintain a chic figure, but also experience an unprecedented aesthetic pleasure. Public recognition of your abilities, a fit and slender figure, as well as a joyful mood will be guaranteed to you.
After you have thoroughly studied the course of the training program, you will be able to captivate men's hearts, demonstrating everything that you are capable of. The dance in your performance will become even more charming when you are fully equipped for it according to classical Indian laws. Dressed in a luxurious sari, embroidered with gold threads, and wearing jewelry - exquisite bracelets and light ankle bells - you will certainly feel like a goddess.
Nothing prevents you from taking bellydance training and classes at home will not be as difficult for you as it seemed at the initial stage of training. Practice at home in a relaxed atmosphere, especially since such techniques can activate the nervous system, liberate the body as much as possible and give self-confidence.
Indian dances - have several types: classical Indian dance, Indian folk dance, variety Indian dance, as well as a dance called "Bollywood". In the lessons you will learn each of these types, but of course, no dance can take place without the initial steps. today can be found in many and many schools, clubs, studios, but only the First Dance School immerses you completely in the atmosphere of Indian culture. With us, you will learn not only dance steps, but also develop your own style, learn interesting facts about dance, and learn how to wear a sari correctly!
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Our comfortable rooms, comfortable studio location, attentive and sensitive staff, subscription system and promotions - these are the advantages that distinguish our school from all others. In this list, we did not mention our coaches and this is natural. Our trainers are undeniable professionals who themselves are practicing dancers and participants in international competitions.
If you continue your studies, have changed studios and want to find another club, other Indian dances in Moscow, then be sure to come to us! We are waiting for every student, everyone who has shown interest in dancing and wants to learn. Realize your dream at a democratic price today. Come on this "dance path" with us. 9
Indian dance training . This is an enchanting show, joy and happiness in every movement, which you want to share with the whole world.
Dancing is a great modern hobby that is gaining popularity every day. Girls and business women, women try to keep up with the times and choose dancing as a way to deal with stress, overweight, fatigue, and chronic depression. Indian Dance Studio gives a free first lesson for those who decide to learn Indian dance . Our workouts are fun and laughter, these are purposeful young ladies who really want to learn something, as well as highly professional trainers and kind staff, comfortable studios and much, much more. We really want you to like it with us, we value our reputation and therefore we do everything to make our training sessions memorable for a long time, and you will definitely continue your course!
We provide Indian dance training not only for those who started their thorny path of dancing, but also for those who have been practicing for a long time, puts their numbers. After all, there is no limit to perfection. Experienced trainers of our school will help you with the realization of your own compositions, help you to go through a difficult step from knowing the set of movements and connections to improvisation, teach you how to work with dance attributes (scarves, shawls, cold weapons, torches, etc.), and also give you confidence and prepare for competitions and championships. “There are no former dancers,” we say, and if you ended your dancing career a long time ago, but really want to go back, come to us to recover.
girl national costume, children's Indian dance costume, traditional dress for children
The national costumes of India are very diverse and vary depending on nationality, geography, climate and cultural traditions. The materials used for the manufacture of clothing have a different weaving structure, fiber thickness, color and characteristic ornament. Moreover, drawings on fabric are very often performed using embroidery.
A bit of history
Numerous bone needles and spinning wheels dating back to about five thousand years BC were found during the excavations. Recent studies suggest that the Indians may have mastered the process of making and processing silk long before the Chinese civilization, which is traditionally considered the discoverer of silk fabrics.
Various weaving techniques were used in ancient India, many of which have survived to this day. Silk and cotton were woven into different designs and motifs, each region developing its own distinct style and technique. Under the influence of the culture of Ancient Persia, Indian craftsmen began to embroider fabrics with gold and silver threads.
Dyeing clothes was practiced as an art form in ancient India. Five primary colors were identified, and compound colors were classified according to their many hues. Dyeing masters distinguished 5 shades of white. The technique of mordant dyeing has been common in India since the second millennium BC.
For the manufacture of their costumes, the Indians also used another material - linen. Flax was ideal in its qualities and properties for the hot, humid climate of India.
In the north of the country, the Kashmiri shawl is often used. It is made from fine goat hair. It keeps you warm on chilly evenings.
Indians are very fond of brocade. Caftans are often sewn from this fabric embroidered with gold.
Women's national costume
In India, the options for women's costume are extremely versatile, and are inextricably linked with living conditions, traditions of each region separately. She is always incredibly beautiful, refined and replete with a variety of ornaments, embroideries and decorations.
The production of these dresses requires special skill, so Indian tailors are highly respected by the population.
The traditional sari has gained worldwide fame. A sari is a strip of ripped fabric, from four to nine meters in length, which can be thrown over the body in a variety of variations. The most common style of wearing a sari, when the fabric is wrapped around the waist with one end, and the other end is thrown over the shoulder, exposing the stomach. Silk saris are considered the most elegant.
For special occasions or weddings, the sari is made to order. The master uses exclusive colors and patterns to create a unique look. An interesting fact is that after the order is completed, all sketches are burned. Therefore, there are no two identical holiday saris.
Sari has a different name in different parts of the country. In southern India, a snow-white sari adorned with a border of gold, which is used only on solemn occasions, is called kavanis. Mundu is called a casual light-colored sari. In Tamil Nadu, it is called padawai.
The saree is usually worn with a short blouse with short sleeves and a deep cut on the chest that reveals the belly - choli.
The oldest type of sari. Worn without a choli. Since it completely covers the hips, chest and stomach of a woman, leaving the shoulders bare.
This is also a variant of the women's traditional costume. It is a skirt (lenga) of various lengths, strongly flared and similar to an umbrella and choli. The length of the lengi depends on the age and status of the woman.
The upper castes can afford a maximum length skirt. Festive lehenga-choli is sewn from expensive fabrics embroidered with beads and gold, and can be of a variety of colors. Although until recently, only red clothes were considered solemn.
For young girls, the traditional costume consists of a lenga, choli and stole, which is thrown over like a sari. Upon reaching adulthood, they already prefer to wear a classic sari.
Or shalwar kameez - another type of national women's dress, most common in the northwestern parts of the country (Punjab region). It is very popular among the female population, especially young girls. It consists of free harem pants (salwar) narrow at the very bottom at the ankles, and a tunic (kameez), flared down and having slits on the sides. The shalwars are beautifully draped in many folds.
It is very common for women to wear a veil to cover their heads along with salwar kameez. It is called dupatta. In ancient times, only Indian women of the highest castes could afford to wear a dupatta. Now it is available to everyone and is an integral part of the festive costume. Dupatta is sewn from chiffon, brocade, silk, cotton - it depends on the style of salwar kameez.
Salwar kameez is most popular among Bollywood stars.
This is a dress for a little Indian girl. The traditional children's costume is made of silk. This is a tunic that falls almost to the toes. Pavada is the most popular among the population of South India. During important ceremonies, children dress up in this costume.
One of the types of shalwar kameez. In this case, the pants (churidar) are cone-shaped and fit very tightly around the leg just below the knee. These trousers go well with an elongated tunic (kurta). Unlike the kameez, the kurta is free-cut, shorter, with a rounded hem.
Luxurious light flared dress. Anarkali always has a high waist and is long enough to be worn alone without pairing with panties. This is what attracted European women. Who like to use Indian-style outfits lately. Anarkali perfectly hides the flaws of any figure.
Attire typical for Assamese women.
This complex version of the costume consists of three parts:
- The lower part is called mekhela. This is a rather wide piece of fabric, which is folded, forming many folds on the right side, and wrapped around the belt. Despite the presence of ribbons on the fabric, they are not tied.
- The second part of the costume is the chador. This is a fabric that has triangular folds, very long. It covers the body of a woman from above.
- And the last part is riha. Worn last over the chador.
This costume is not suitable for everyday wear, it is used in special situations, at important celebrations.
Men's national costume
Men's national clothes, like women's, are unique and original, but at the same time they are not devoid of comfort and elegance. Not a single holiday or celebration is possible without dressing in a traditional costume.
- Dhoti is a long, up to 6 meters long cotton fabric of a light, most often white shade. This fabric is wrapped around the hips so that the ends are passed between the legs and tied in a knot at the waist. Such a design is attached to the belt, the decoration of which indicates the status of the owner. Paintings and ornaments on the belt are an integral part of a wealthy Indian.
The length of the dhoti, like the length of the lengi for women, varies depending on the social status of the man. Ordinary people in rural areas wear shortened dhotis, as it is more convenient and does not interfere with work. Due to the influence of Western culture, the dhoti is increasingly being replaced by ordinary European clothing. But it is still an integral part of official events.
Dhoti is worn with a regular shirt or with a kurta - an elongated straight-cut shirt that reaches the knees.
- Lungi - a long cloth, which is sometimes in the form of a skirt. They are wrapped around the legs and thighs of a man. Lungi is very popular in the south of the country, as it is difficult to wear ordinary trousers in high heat and humidity. And lungi allows you to hide from the heat without interfering with ventilation.
- Shervani is an elongated jacket or frock coat, the length of which reaches the knees. A prerequisite for wearing is fastening on all buttons. It looks good both with wide shalwar pants and with narrow churidars. Ideal for tall men. Local rajahs are not stingy, purchasing shervani, embroidering them with gold, precious stones, and satin. After all, nothing adds grace and stature like a luxurious shervani.
- The most famous headdress in the Indian national costume was and remains the turban. How many provinces in India, so many variants of the turban can be found while traveling around the country. Now the primordial purpose of the turban is already being forgotten - to save the head from overheating on a hot afternoon. But the damp cloth, tightly wrapped around the head, cooled almost all day, giving freshness.
Now a turban is an indicator of the owner's status, his religiosity. There are different types of this headdress. The most famous model is Mysore Peta, without which the costume of the Indian Rajah could not do.
An additional element of the male costume of a representative of the highest caste was a cord, which the Indians considered sacred. It had to be worn over clothes, girdling itself through the chest and back.
Indian dance costumes
Indian dance, like Indian costume, is inimitable and unique. It has a lot of styles and trends, so there are also a lot of dance costumes. Traditional Indian dances, kathak and variety dances are usually danced in a sari. For the bharatanatyam style, the famous dancer Rukmini Devi Arundale modified the sari, giving it the look of a wide pajama. An obligatory element of this costume was a golden border framing the edges of the elements of the dress.
Classical Mohiniattam dance is distinguished by its melodiousness, grace and beauty, therefore the dancers' costumes are always performed in white tones with gold trim. A golden apron worn over a snow-white skirt adds charm to the dance. This dance was created as a dance of the priestesses of the temple, so the costumes reflect this idea.
If the dance is not classical, but stylized after it, then both Indian and modern music can be used. Therefore, such a dance allows the use of salwar kameez, lehenga choli and other combinations of traditional clothing.
Bollywood dance style is a very popular phenomenon in modern India. Dance attracts modern young people and girls with its energy and mass character. Therefore, costumes for Bollywood style always have the same cut, length and style, but must differ in color. And only the soloist is allowed to stand out from the crowd.