header image: Carroll Swing, step 6
- This information is offered for general interest, and official documents should be consulted for the current, definitive last word.
- This is a compilation of thousands of hours of effort by the best people in roller and ice, and we owe to them, what we have today. Thank you.
- You should be able to drag the images to your computer's directory or right-click to "Save As" and they will be .jpg or .png file type
- Most images are designed for about 8 high by 5 wide
Author's note: When I began this site in 2013, I agonized over which version of a dance was the 'right' one to include. Since, I have come to realize that that is not my prerogative. I am a chronicler of what was and is, documenting history, not making it, and incorporated all versions available to me. In general, most recent versions are shown first.
http://skateguard1.blogspot.com Figure skating on ice history
Dance Roller Skaters facebook group page
USA Roller Sports Facebook group page
'Compulsory', 'Original', 'Short', 'Pattern' dances - Wikipedia
Skaters Newsflash artistic rollerskating USA and around the world
Besotted with Dance Skating by Gerri Barnes-Hampton
United States Amateur Roller Skating Association a site maintaining the history of the association that was in existence from 1939 to Fall 1971
Classic Artistic Roller Skating Highlighting competitive skating from the 60s through the 80s
Skater Index Listing US National and World roller placements of skaters and other ephemera
CFP - Vintage Ice Dances Project Facebook group page
Finalizing the US Dance Test structure in the 1960's led to the 'disappearance' of many historical dances. This site is for posting "lost" dances.
University of Connecticut Skating library collection. mostly ice, but a number of roller also (in title order)
National Museum of Roller Skating , Lincoln Nebraska.
"At the museum, we collect, preserve, and display the history of roller skating. By sponsoring and promoting education and informative exhibits, we hope to bring together everyone associated with roller skating, whether it be through sports, business, or recreation."
Circle and loop figure professional videos by 2017 World Silver Medalist
Dead Rinks A look at roller skating from a very modern perspective. Has some good photos of rinks.
Forgotten Roller Rinks of the Past Very authoritative and well researched
The Skate Hub site with broad range of topics
For those with off-skate dance interests:
Library of Dance www.libraryofdance.org/manuals/#21st
Swing Street streetswing. com
Ballroom Dancers www.ballroomdancers.com/Default.asp
Been looking for ROLLER skate stickers?
This image is displayed on FB when pasting a live link there
Ice Skating - official sites
ISU International Skating Union (about) cooperative of country ice skating associations,
recognized by International Olympic Committee (IOC) to represent ice figure and speed skating
ISU member organization list and links by country
ISU dance diagrams (isu.org for sale)
ISU Dances and Diagrams (ice-dance.com)
USFS United States Figure Skating diagrams USA rules & regs for US competition and tests
member of ISU with harmonized dance diagrams
PSA Professional Skaters Association (USA Coaches and professional ice skaters organization)
Roller Skating - official sites Log of Updates
World Skate FIRS renamed themselves in mid 2018
World Skate Official Regulation Artistic - Dance and Solo Dance Book 2020 1
lWorld Skate Official Regulation Artistic - Dance and Solo Dance Book 2022
FIRS International Federation of Roller Sports (about) recognized by IOC for all roller sports
FIRS member organization list and links by country
CIPA Comite International de Patinage Artistique (international dance diagrams and rules)
it is the Artistic Roller Skating Committee of FIRS
CEPA Comite European de Patinage Artistique (European Compulsory Dances 2009)
FARS Federation of Artistic Roller Skaters (about) Great Britain - associated to FIRS thru BRSF
FARS Figure and Dance Diagrams
WIFSA World Inline Figure Skating Association includes dance, figure (freestyle), chorus and
synchronized skating. They have a testing program as well as competitions.
Associated with FIRS June 2015
USARS USA Roller Sports (home) USA - member of World Skate
legal name, and previously known as, US Amateur Confederation of Roller Skaters (USAC/RS)
USARS: 2021 - 2022 www.teamusa.org/usa-roller-sports/figure-w-full-nav/figure-skating-rules
RSA Roller Skating Association - organization for rink operators, equipment mfg. & suppliers,
home of SRSTA Society of Roller Skating Teachers of America, closely associated with USARS,
and Achievement Tests and awards (formerly known as RSROA Proficiency tests)
Skate Australia Dance Diagrams (CIPA and USAC/RS with color difficulty-coded steps)
Roller Sports Canada official National Governing Board for Canada
May 12, 2022
I've been lax in keeping this update list up to date, although many updates have been made.
2022 RSA International style test link page. A new "How to use Lobe Guide" page has been added. A number of dances have been added. The store is no longer selling Test Booklets, the RSA is now selling the booklets that I've arranged a commercial printer to print instead of those previously sold here.
Added the NEW 2021-2022 RSA test schedule under 'links to diagrams'
Completed adding the 2021-2020 dances not already on the site
Barsolona Bossa Nova, DaPonte Do'Blay, Donna Lee Tango, Flirtation Waltz 120, Italian Foxtrot,
Mandi Lynn Tango, Metropolitan Tango 32-beat, Rhythm Blues, Ruby Rhumba, Starlight Waltz
added Honey Rumba, Cha Cha Patin 2020 version
Added Roller Samba, Little Waltz, updated/corrected American March, other minor corrections
Please Note: Link to official 2020 World Skate diagrams and requirements above
I'll be adding those diagrams not already on this site
Reorganized the Kilian dances onto one page with links to places on the page
Added Rotary Roll, Viennese Foxtrot, Junior March, British Waltz, Elderado Waltz, Castillian Tango and Icelandia Tango.
Additions with commentary by Eli Graham, Polka (T-W) and Tango Barn Dance, Cutaway Waltz. Other minor additions and corrections.
The 2021 Achievement Dance requirements have not changed from those in the booklets in the 'Store'. Also added specific reference to when many blues tempos were changed from 92 to 88 in 1993 (in dances by rhythm)
January 13 2021
Duplicated Dance Positions at the beginning of the diagrams list as suggested by Eli Graham
added content to the Foundations of 'American' style Dance under 'links to diagrams'
added 1948 RSROA version of Tango Barn Dance
Added Eli Graham's 14 step notes
Added Eli Graham's notes on the Pacifica Foxtrot
Added ilustrated Argentine Tango diagram
Added Queens Bolero
many small corrections, clarifications, added cover for 1959 RSROA booklet
Many small refinements, added a number of Rhumba pages
Published Pug Polka, an Original Compulsory Dance (roller) winner in 2019
More musical explanations
Added musical explanations under tabs 'links', 'by music alphabetic' with audio clips and example score - nearly all, remainder in the works.
Added roller version of Golden Skaters Waltz
Added Judee Waltz, clearer diagram Rock and Wall Waltz and Carnival Tango
Added the store for my 2019 current Bronze, Silver and Gold Achievements test booklets. This is a zero profit endeavor for me, merely charging to cover my costs of supplies and shipping.
2019-2020 USARS competition dances - links activated
Added list of 2019-2020 USARS competition dances - will activate links when I've verified the patterns on the site match those published
Minor tweaks, have been busy creating printed booklets of the current 2019 test dances, using restored historic diagrams and notes that comport with current requirements. May put links to purchase them on this site.
Added The Cha Cha from Clayton Smith's collection, which has the two missing men's steps in the Skate Australia diagram
Many additions, all of the turn dances up to #11 (2019) silver test to current versions. Added content to history page. Minor clarifications, grammar/spelling changes.
Added Snyder plate history in 'Equipment'
Began use of a floating up arrow to return to the top of a page (selected pages)
January 10, 2019
Added section to 'tools' called Fundamentals, with articles from Skating News and Skate magazine
Added 1960 & 1962 notes and diagram on the Delicado
Added additional years to Highland Schottishe
Added Sharay Waltz, reorganized recent governance and logo changes into 'History'
Updated Baby Blues page. Pasted links - hopefully fixed so FaceBook and others will display desired image along with site info.
Added Bronze Swing Dance
Added description of how to stroke forward and backward with flash animations of each
All USARS 2018-2019 Selected Dance additions completed
Added USARS 2018-2019 Werner Tango, international for team
Added USARS 2018-2019 Style B Waltz
Added Dynasty Blues diagram and notes
I've come into possesion of the 1970 Edition IX of the USFARS / RSROA test booklets (2). The covers and test schedule is now up under 'listed by associations', 'pre 1971-72'.
Added audio links and example score for Boogie under 'music by rhythms'-'Boogie'
Minor mods to make 'mobile' use easier
Changed primary spelling of 'Killian' to 'Kilian' with one 'L' throughout the website, at the very good suggestion of Tim Laskey. And also at his suggestion, made note of alternative spelling of the "Balanciago"
Added Colonel Bogey March, music and score, under March tempo link page.
March 31 Added CIPA version Westminster Waltz
March 23 Have a new (relevant) image for FB to display when a live link URL to this site is pasted there. Added FB like and share button on this page. Other small fixes/improvements
Re-did Paso Doble music to just Espana Cani audio clip and two staves of music notation.
Added audio links in the March section - this may be modified in the future
Added a description and link to an audio clip of the Vienna Waltz under Waltz rhythms
Added 1982 USARS link page, report on CIPA/FIRS reorganization into WSF (World Skate Figure) under links -> tests & organizations
Added RSROA 1939 material relating the Continental Waltz to the Drop 3 Waltz
All of the 1938 first edition of the first dance publication by the RSROA dance notes now added. Thank you Lorna Day for the scan of the document.
January 13 2018
Added the links page and the "First Class" (bronze) tests of the 1938 first edition of the first dance publication by the RSROA. Thank you Lorna Day for the scan of the document.
Added 1989 USA/RS version of Collegiate, and began adding cross references between similar all forward dances and their counterpart turn dances, such as the Marylee Foxtrot and the Collegiate.
Added link page for USAC/RS 12th edition, 1989 Part I and II. Thank you Audra Fortune for loaning me the originals to copy. Beginning to add dance versions from this editions, in testing order.
Added images and links to the 2001 USARS Premier Dance Division booklet. Thank you Audra Fortune for loaning me the original to scan.
Added 1953 ARSA version Argentine Tango, the last of the 1953 edition dances and are linked to the 1953 USARSA 'links' page
Added 1953 ARSA version of Westminster Waltz
Added 1953 ARSA version of Killian
Added 1953 ARSA version of Iceland Tango
added 1953 ARSA version of Viennnese Waltz
Special thanks to Bill Moore for permission to share his hand drawn diagrams of the Iceland Tango and Viennese Waltz, showing how these border dances progress around the rink. And thank you Audra Fortune for letting me use her copies of Bill's diagrams to make them available here. See them under their respective dance headings.
All but 5 of the 1953 ARSA dances added but not all linked to the booklet list
Added 1953 ARSA versions of Straight Waltz, Collegiate, 14 Step, Tango Barn Dance, Karen Lee Tango
added early Skate magazine version of the Academy Blues
Added early Skate magazine version of the Border Blues
Added USARS 2001 thru 2013 version of Carroll Tango
Updated with USARS 2017-2018 Competitive Dance Requirements
Added Palais Glide additional thanks to DFP Vintage Ice Dance Project
Added Ice Polka, thanks to CFP Vintage Ice Dance Project
Added notes and diagram to Rocker Blues, thanks to CFP Vintage Ice Dance Project
Added CIPA approved Fiesta Tango (un-modified, same as original 1952 George Muller pattern)
Note: USARS Figure Skate Committee 2017-2018 restructured rules
Added "in phrase" in Tools - music, Coronation Waltz, Marine Waltz, an earlier publication of the Arenetta Waltz, added details to early Fascination Foxtrot images
Added Koala Blues, Lyn Maree Waltz, Melody Waltz
Added Carolyn Waltz, Cha Cha, Kieler March
Added Australian Swing
Added Arenetta Waltz. This and many others will be added thanks to the diagrams contributed by Richard Hand.
Changed title image to Carroll Swing, step 6
Added EASY Paso notes and diagrams for couples and solo. And,
A kind reader informed me of a more original source for the Olympic Foxtrot diagram and NOTES!
USARS Adult restructuring dance survey lists added under 'Links to diagrams', 'by Associations'
Links to Arizona Sk8te Champs website for the full text of 1942 - 1952 texts have been fixed
Wahoo! the Cha Cha Chiquita has been added, thanks to another private archive.
Skate anatomy added under equipment, maintenance
Here is a link to the USARS page with official restructuring documents concerning Adult Dance and Figure competition.
American March, Clayton Foxtrot, Gator Shuffle Polka and Zig Zag Polka have been added, thanks to a friends private archive. Cha Cha Chiquita still missing.
All the diagrams for the recent USARS survey are now on the site EXCEPT
American March, Cha Cha Chiquita, Gator Shuffle Polka, Clayton Foxtrot and Zig Zag Polka.
Any help with these much appreciated!
added Kinder Waltz, Twelve Step notes, Kleiner Waltz and Country Polka notes
added Lillian's Waltz and Waltz music tempo example
Made La Vista Cha Cha diagram step 1 and 2 clearer and added 'basic' tempo illustration
added Charity Blues and the link in "by Blues..." list, added Terenzie Waltz link to "by Waltz..." list, added Manzanita (tango) diagram, added earlier diagrams and notes of Lu Jane Tango.
added Terenzi Waltz (but not the 'Waltz music' links)
February 1, 2017
added a little history to the Double Cross Waltz
added USARS 2013 Chase Waltz notes and diagrams
Reorganized the 'Tools' section a little and added original material 'Team Lobe skating'
Various small additions, reorganizing and clarification since last update
Updated Swing Foxtrot - still working on getting all the International Dance Tests checked out
added Charlie Cha Cha and Broadway Blues from old issues of Skate magazine
Added CEPA diagrams for the first 4 Bronze International tests where different than American style
Cleaned up Dore Foxtrot, Casino March, Syncopated Swing, Ten Fox and Karen Lee Foxtrot
Added Monterey Tango
Due to Weebly's - my web provider - policy change with respect to the Scribd app, I've changed the way the 'Teachers' listing look. Thank you for understanding.
Added missing notes to Denver Shuffle diagram
Added Ralf Brown and Tim Laskey to 'skating music sources'
Added all the waltzes in Perry B Rawson's 1942 "Skate Dance Diagrams": Davis Goodrich, Drop 3 Continental, Eight Waltz, Mohawk Waltz, "Q" Waltz, Roquina, Spread Eagle style "A" and "B", 3 Lobed 8 Waltz, Waltz Tango. Fun to see these 'old' dances.
Completed historic content on "by Music Alphabetic" pages
More historic content on the "by music Alphabetic" pages, including Marches
I've reformatted the lists "by music Alphabetic" to a consistent look. Also, most of the dance headings now contain some historic content to give the dances perspective and a short description of the music.
My apologies to those who had bookmarkd this site. I renamed it in hopes of better search engine hits, but apparently that was not working as well as planned, so I returned to its original name.
On content topics, The 'Waltz' list is up and the origin/music for it are written. More Waltz dances will be added as time allows.
additional maintenance relating to Tango and Two-Step list
upgraded Tango and Twostep list and links
added Bill Spooner's recent history and perspective
added history of music in Roller Dancing under 'Music'
Modified the 'B' dance page, list link structure
Many changes in organization of the site, but only a few changes/additions to content
added origin of 'solo' events by Tom Bense in the history tab
added details to Swing Dance
Added American Waltz
added Memorial Waltz notes and diagram
updated skate boot/frame sizing chart links under 'other stuff'
added Willow Waltz
made links live for RSROA Edition VI 1962 and Edition VII 1966 dance list
added links to 2008 RSA test schedule
added Do'Blay and Castel March
added/upgraded Southland Swing
Added Pilgrim Waltz, Luna Blues and CrissCross March
added Casino Tango
added Swing Waltz, Dutch Waltz
added USARS Killian, Delicado notes, some dances from USARS 2012 addendum, cleanup other details
added USARS March 2006 addenda list and links under 'by associations tests'. Added Association Waltz.
added versions Carey Foxtrot and Dench Blues. Additional material Skater march, Siesta Tango, City Blues
added versions Pacifica Foxtrot, Iceleand Tango, Harris Tango,
added Lu Jane Tango, 1953 early version Continental Waltz and made additional links to the 1953 RSROA page
added Ten Step (it really is 4 steps shorter than the 14 step)
Work on 1953 RSROA link page
added all USAC 1973 Part II Gold dances
added USAC 1973 'Optional Test' dances
added Toronto March, Candle Lite Waltz
added Aurora Waltz
added Gold test requirements and Optional test schedule to 1973 USAC page
January 4, 2016
Expanded Flirtation, added Harris Tango
added Flirtation Waltz, 120 Waltz and Imperial Waltz
Added Rinkromp [waltz]
Fixed Fiesta Tango
added Rocker Foxtrot
Added Keats Foxtrot, cleaned up Paso Doble, and Carrol Swing
reorganized History and added more content
added 'Turns' under 'Other stuff' - two foot and one foot, including original illustration
Added pages for "The Oaks" Dance Night dances which weren't already published - some of these still do not have complete dance notes or diagrams. Added more explanation to 'Other Stuff' 'Diagrams and Terms', including an original illustration.
"American Roller Skate Dancing Edition X, published 1980 by USAC/RS, copyright 1973 by Roller Skating Rink Operators Association" link page complete, and all links connect to diagram & notes pages
Two Step origins added
Whew! 'T' dances link page and place holder pages for all the listed dances created, although most pages at this time have no dance notes or diagrams. Tango origins and music descriptions added.
general house keeping, Academy Blues notes
added Cha Cha origins
added Tudor Waltz page with 3 versions
Updated link to CIPA. Added non-skating origins of the "B" music dances
Finally have FEB 2013 and NOV 2013 USARS test schedules straightened out and correct
Updating USARS - RSA Feb 2013 test schedule, added dances to fill out test #4
Added USARSA 1953 Karen Lee Tango and links
Added USARSA 1953 Style "B" Waltz, a waltz utilizing the spread eagle
Added USARSA 1953 120 Waltz and Werner Tango notes & diagrams.
Added USARS 2013 Werner Tango notes & diagram
Added 3-Lobe Waltz notes, diagram and links
Added Edward Bower to organist list. Added ARSA 1953 Table of Contents, proficiency test schedule - including some links to existing diagrams
Added Mineola Swing page, with original and 'cleaned up' versions of diagram
added ARSA booklets main pages (place holders) and links back to menu
added 'Foundations of 'American' style dance with links, various other items
added 1951 Supplement and many links. and some dances
added other RSROA covers and dance lists (still more to flesh out)
1966 USFARS (RSROA) links to dance pages
Jan 1, 2015
Reorganized structure of 'by difficulty of tests'
added Dance Tempo music sources
various minor additions - add'l Fascintion Foxtrot, skate plate sizing, others
Added "Music in Skate Dancing" (under 'Music')
Alphabetized 'Diagrams' list, eliminated duplicate Southland Swing and College Two Step pages
added Federation Foxtrot notes
Reorganized pages in 'Other Stuff' i. e. music, added skate equipment. Various housekeeping such as establishing links on the page you get when clicking on main and some sub headings. 'Links to Diagrams' improved.
Rebuilt this 'About' page that went missing... Houskeeping in 'Identifying Music'. The Rythms page now works, again...
Sept 25, 2014
added Chase Waltz
Sept 6, 2014
added missing Glide Waltz notes & Diagram
Feb 2, 2014
initial "Q-R-S" dances finished
"Q-R-S" dances started
Initial 'P" dances finished
Jan 22, 2014
added links to official web sites
Jan 21, 2014
Added 'History of Skating' and 'identifying music' under 'other stuff'. Added example to 'lobe guides'
Jan 5, 2014
Lobe guides updated, 90 degree guide and 'download file' buttons added
Jan 3, 2014
"M" Music Dances index and images in progress, 60 degree lobe guide added
Dec 29, 2013
"C" and "F" Music Dances indexes and dance images up and working. Added "Dance Positions" to "Other Stuff"
Dec 23, 2013
"B Music Dances" index links should all work now. As time goes on, I'll work on 'cleaning up' the scan artifacts in the images