How does fast dancing affect your heart rate science project

How does exercise affect heart rate?

By Emma Vanstone 5 Comments

How does exercise affect heart rate?

This activity is a great way to introduce correct scientific procedures, thinking about variables to change and keep constant.

Exercise increases the rate at which energy is needed from food, increasing the need for both food and oxygen by the body. This is why when we exercise both pulse/heart rate and breathing rate increase.

Pulse rate is  an indication of your heart rate as your arteries expand each time the ventricles pump blood out of the heart.

The heart speeds up to pump extra food and oxygen to the muscles, while breathing speeds up to get more oxygen into the body and remove carbon dioxide.

How does exercise affect heart rate investigation

Step 1

Use the stethoscopes and timers to record how many heartbeats you can hear in 30 seconds.

Step 2

Exercise – this could be 30 seconds of star jumps or a mini obstacle course.  

Step 3 

Use the timers and stethoscopes again to record how many heartbeats you can hear in 30 seconds.

Let’s think scientifically

A scientific investigation should be a fair test, think about what conditions you need to keep the same and what condition you will change. You should also repeat the testing 3 times and find the average heart rate.

Things to keep the same:

Heartbeats must be counted before and after exercising for the same amount of time.

The person whose heart rate is compared must be the same.

Things to change: 

Heart rate should be measured before and after exercise.

Make a prediction

What effect do you think exercise will have on heart rate?

Why do you think this?

Clue – when you exercise your muscles need more food and oxygen from your blood, so your heart has to beat faster to transport them.

What is recovery time? 

Recovery time is the time taken for heart rate to return to normal. If you have time, can you work out how long this is for you?

The pulse rate and breathing rate of a fitter person rise much less than in an unfir person during exercise, fitter people also have a shorter recovery time.

Links to Maths

Design a method of recording your results? Can you work out the average heart rate for 10 participants before and after exercise?

Calculate the difference between a person’s heart rate before and after exercise.

Links to English

Can you write a letter to a friend telling them about your findings?

More Science for Kids

Find out how to make your own stethoscope with a funnel, tape and cardboard tube.

Make a pumping model of a heart, or try one of our sports science investigations.

Exercise and Heart Rate Investigation

Suitable for:

Key Stage 1 Science: Animals including Humans

Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene.

Key Stage 2 Science: Animals including Humans

Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

Last Updated on June 17, 2021 by Emma Vanstone

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Health & Wellness Fridays: Heartbeat Dance Party

Have you ever felt a thumping feeling in your chest after playing your favorite sport or game? That’s your heart pounding. Your heart is a muscle that sends blood through your arteries to provide oxygen and nutrients to the rest of your body. When you’re active, like when you run, jump, dance, or climb, your heart beats faster because the rest of your muscles need more oxygen than normal! The sound of your heartbeat thumping away is the sound of your heart making sure your body has enough oxygen to keep on running, jumping, dancing, and climbing. 

The arteries that are closest to the skin are known as pulse points. That’s because it’s easy to find and measure your pulse there. Two of the easiest pulse points are on your wrist and on your neck. Today, we’re going to get our heart pumping, then learn how to measure our heart rate. Get ready for a heartbeat dance party!

Note: The average heart rate for a child is 90 beats per minute when not exercising. During exercise, their heart rate may increase to between 120 and 220 beats per minute.

Materials & Instructions

Stopwatch or timer – try using the one on your phone!
Something to write with
Good dance music (see kid-friendly playlist below)

STEP 1: Get comfortable! Sit down and take a few deep breaths. You’re about to take your starting pulse. Place two fingers either on your neck under the jaw or on your wrist near the bottom of your thumb. Can you feel your pulse? Grownups, you may need to help with this step.
STEP 2: Set a timer for 15 seconds (or have your stopwatch run for 15 seconds) and count how many times your heart beats within those 15 seconds. Multiple the number of times your heartbeat by 4. Grownups, you may need to help with multiplication. This is your resting heart rate. Your body doesn’t need extra oxygen right now.
STEP 3: It’s time to dance! Turn on some catchy tunes and dance your heart out for a few minutes. Jump, run, kick, breakdance, wave your arms, wiggle your nose. Get that heart rate pumping! Once you’re done, take your pulse again. This is your heart rate after exercising.
STEP 4: Do some stretches, take some deep breaths, or sit quietly for a few minutes. After you feel your heart rate slow down, measure your pulse again. How has it changed?

For older children, help them create a simple graph of how their heart rate changed with movement like the one shown here. Use the vertical line to represent heart rate; use the horizontal line to label the different steps we tried today – your resting heart rate, your heart rate after exercising, and your final heart rate.

Resources: |

Vocab Words

Heart: A muscle that pumps blood through your arteries so that your body gets the oxygen and nutrients it needs.
Arteries: Arteries are tubes that carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body.
Pulse: Your pulse is the thump you feel from the blood flowing through your artery. Because the speed of your heartbeat determines how fast the blood flows through your artery, measuring the thump of your pulse is the same as measuring your heart rate!
Heart Rate: How fast or slow your heart is moving. 

Dance as part of the historical culture of the nation

Dance is always present in a person's life. A person usually fills the brightest positive emotions, joy and happy moments with simple dance movements. There are sayings: “I danced with happiness” or “Good news for you, dance!”. Currently, many different dance shows are being created on television, dance culture is developing, and dance styles and trends are multiplying. Dance culture remains always bright, creative, exciting for strong and creative people. Where did some dance trends come from and what role did they play at a certain stage in the development of society, we decided to find out in our work.

Research hypothesis: Dance has an ancient history and serves as a model of labor activity, interpersonal relationships and is part of the historical culture of the nation.

The purpose of the study: to prove the connection between dance and the historical development of society.

Research objectives: to learn the history of the emergence of dances of peoples of various nationalities; study the literature on the topic;

Object of study: various dance cultures of the peoples of the world. Subject of research: the history of nationalities and their characteristic dances and dance movements.

Research methods: study of literature, access to the Internet, observation, analysis.

Relevance: Computers and gadgets have recently captured our minds and literally our bodies. Every young person spends a lot of time sitting at the computer. The computerization of society has given us a large information field, but has taken away our movement. In this work, we will return to the origins of dance culture and prove that simple movements can also serve as a means of communication, physical and spiritual development.

Russian folk dance cannot be confused with any other dance. It is characterized by dynamics, a lot of jumps and even tricks and requires a good physical shape of the dancer. Having studied various sources, we have not found a certain historical period of the origin of Russian folk dance. It is only obvious that this type of culture comes from the depths of antiquity and personifies the character of the Russian person, the depth of his soul, and also personifies the difficult lot of the great people and its rich history. Basically, mass festivities with dancing in Rus' were tied to great church holidays: Christmas, Maslenitsa, Ivan Kupala and others. Consider some of the main varieties characteristic of Russian dance.

The classification of the types of Russian folk dance does not involve the performance of dances on certain holidays or seasons, but their choreographic structure and characteristic features. Let's consider some of them.

The round dance was distributed throughout Russia. Each area brought something new, creating variety in style, composition, and manner of performance. Round dances were performed at different tempos: slow, medium and fast. The basis of the round dance was the performance of a round dance song by all its participants. Dance, song and game were the obligatory components of the round dance. The round dance brought together a large number of participants.

Round dances had cult-ritual, social, as well as everyday themes. The dancers held, as a rule, by the hands, sometimes by the handkerchief, belt, wreath. In some round dances, the dancers did not hold hands at all, but moved one after another, maintaining a strict interval, sometimes they walked in pairs.

It is interesting that in different regions of Russia there were local features of the performance of round dances associated with natural and climatic conditions, with the specifics of everyday life and work, human relationships that were formed in various living conditions.

If the text of the song accompanying the round dance did not contain a specific action, plot, characters, then this is an ornamental round dance. The participants in the round dance walked in circles, in rows, braided various figures from the round dance chain, performing their step with the rhythm of the song. Sometimes ornamental round dances revealed the content of the song with their pattern and construction. The text of the songs accompanying ornamental round dances was most often associated with images of Russian nature, the collective labor of the people and their way of life. In the drawings of ornamental round dances, the element of representation was very strong - “curling a cabbage”, “braiding a wattle fence”, etc. The entire round dance consisted of only a few figures and rearrangements. In different regions of Russia, round dances were called differently: “curly”, “lace”, “patterned”.

A game round dance is a round dance, in the song of which there were characters, and a plot, action, and the content of the song was played out by all participants in the round dance. Performers with the help of dance created various images and characters of the characters. In game round dances, the main thing was the disclosure of the plot of the everyday scene. Many themes for game round dances were contained in songs about the life of the people. The choreography of the round dance organically included a scarf, ribbon, wreath, etc. These items served as symbols. So the wreath symbolized the marriage union, the handkerchief replaced the pillow, featherbed, etc. In such round dances, several characters stood out. In game round dances, the construction pattern was much simpler than in ornamental ones. Compositionally, these round dances were built in a circle, in lines, in pairs. A story played out in the center of the circle. In the linear construction of round dances, the participants were divided into two groups lining up opposite each other, which led a kind of dialogue. In such round dances, the artistry of the participants was of great importance.

The dance was born in a round dance and left it, breaking the round dance chain, complicating the technical basis, creating its own forms and patterns, replacing the round dance with a dance song and various musical accompaniment. Dance could express various states of a person. The dance consisted of a number of separate movements - elements that differed in a characteristic manner of performance, had a Russian national flavor. Every movement in the dance was filled with meaning. A variety of movements, the number of which increased many times due to the improvisation of the performers, is a characteristic feature of Russian dance. The performer of Russian dance had very expressive hands, head, shoulders, face, hands, etc. The dance made it possible to reveal personal, individual character traits. Boys and girls, men and women, teenagers and the elderly could participate in the dance. The male dance was characterized by breadth, scope, prowess, strength, attention and respect for the partner. For women's dance - majesty, smoothness, nobility and sincerity, but often it was performed lively, with enthusiasm. Each dance had its own content, plot. One of the distinguishing features of the dance was individual improvisation. The dance differed from the round dance in a richer and more complex vocabulary of dance movements. In addition to enriching the vocabulary, the dance made it possible to complicate and diversify the spatial pattern: the dashing exits of the guys, the perky passages of the girls, the dashes, the transitions of couples of various patterns, etc. - all this created new patterns and constructions inherent only in dance.

Distinguished dance from a round dance and musical accompaniment. The dances went not only to songs, but also to the accompaniment of various musical instruments. The songs to which the dances were performed were mostly fast, and their melodies were brightly colored with accents and a pronounced active rhythm. Such songs were called dance. Dance and round dance songs did not always have sharply distinctive features. Performers and spectators of dances emphasized its rhythmic accents with the help of echoes, shouting, clapping and various musical instruments.

The dance could be accompanied by many Russian folk instruments. Instrumental accompaniment is another main feature that distinguishes dance from round dance.

Single dance was male and female. It most fully reflected the individuality, skill, ingenuity of the performer. Single dance is based on the improvisation of the performer. With their movements, dancers could convey joy and fun, a deep love feeling and humor, and also introduce movements associated with labor processes, images of birds, animals, etc.

A single dance had its own well-established traditions of performance, a certain form of construction. It began with moving in a circle - driving - or with going into a circle and performing some kind of movement on the spot - with an outburst. This is the beginning of the dance, then it developed, the dance reached its climax, and the final followed.

The pair dance was performed mainly by a guy and a girl, less often by a man and a woman, but older people did not take part in it. The content of the pair dance is, as it were, a cordial conversation, a dialogue of lovers. Most often these are wedding dances. But sometimes in pair dances the content and mood were somewhat different: jealousy or slight resentment of those who loved. Basically, the pair dances were very lyrical. They did not have a strictly established pattern, rapid growth and energy of performance.

The dance is a competition in strength, dexterity, ingenuity. This is a display of the artist's personality. Two guys or two men took part in the old Russian dance, the girls did not take part. The dance was performed to the accompaniment of musical instruments, less often to a song. The dance started slowly and ended at a fast pace. With the change in the way of life, the dance began to be performed by everyone (women, men, the elderly), but only two participate. The dance was performed to well-known common melodies, sometimes to ditties.

A lot of people could participate in a group dance, but more often its composition was limited to a small group of performers. The group dance had an established structure. She absorbed many figures of round dances, some group dances included single or double dance, improvisation was used. Group dances were performed not only by boys and girls, but also by middle-aged men and women. Most often they were performed in pairs or threes. Group dances are very diverse in terms of drawings, plot and content. They always had the exact place of birth and existence. Each locality had its own traditional themes for dances, forms of construction, manner and local flavor. For example: "Eight" - the Arkhangelsk region, "Gusachok" - the Smolensk region, "Timonya" - the Kursk region, "Sixers" - the Urals, "Karachanka" - the Saratov region. All dance figures were circular: they were performed counterclockwise [4].

Let's get acquainted with other dance cultures of the peoples of the world. The origin and functional significance of the capoeira dance and martial arts is interesting. Brazilian capoeira is a fascinating combination of dance, combat, acrobatics, fantastic plastique, accompanied by playing the berimbau and drums. Capoeira has Afro-Brazilian roots. It is still not known exactly where capoeira originated. More often in the sources there is a version that capoeira originated in South America in the 17-18 centuries during colonization. According to one version of the origin of this culture, African slaves brought to Brazil to work on plantations fled from overwork to the Amazon jungle. There they created communities "Kilombush" and joined the native Indians, who were also against colonization. Unsubdued rebels often had to defend their settlements, and due to a lack of weapons, they had to engage in hand-to-hand combat. The word capoeira does not have an exact translation, but it is consonant with the term "capoeiras" - jungle thickets. Another version says that this was the name of the low grass area where the slaves trained during their rest breaks. To disguise their training to resist the colonialists, the slaves played national instruments and sang songs. Therefore, smooth movements and acrobatic exercises in ligaments and to music are like a dance. From 19In 88, serfdom was abolished, but this event did not affect African slaves. Despite the prohibitions, capoeira survived among the poor as a dance and martial art. In the 20th century, when all races became equal, capoeira remained popular and was officially recognized by the National Confederation of Brazilian Sports. The fighters themselves call the duel a game, and themselves the players. The fight takes place to the accompaniment of national instruments: berimbau, abataki, kashishi and the singing of national songs with a simple melodious text. Musical accompaniment sets the rhythm, pace and mood of the fight. The movement of the fighters to the music looks fantastic and more like a perfect dance of perfect bodies. Capoeira is a democratic sport. Competitions can be full-contact or limited in techniques and strikes. Previously, musical accompaniment served as a danger signal. If the duel was threatened by a police inspection, the participants in the birth filled a special rhythm, denoting an alarm signal, and the police could be deceived. Capoeira includes two styles. Regional - high-speed, power, including power and acrobatic techniques, as well as blows inflicted in the air. Angola is a calm, flowing style, the movements are smooth and flow from one to another. During the fight, styles can flow from one to another.

There is no exact date for the appearance of the beautiful flamenco dance. There is a version that flamenco is the result of joint creativity of European and Eastern peoples. Historians put forward a version that the dance originated in the Spanish city of Tartessus, where educated people lived, playing various musical instruments, and even the laws of this city were written in verse. This is where flamenco music was born. The formation of the chant was influenced by the Catholic Church. In the 8th century, visiting Arabs influenced the formation of Andalusian music. They added their rhythms to the music and the melodies were filled with brightness and feelings of passion. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the Gypsies joined the Arabs and, having adopted the melodies, remade them in their own way. While in exile, the gypsies added attributes of their lives to flamenco: fire flames, temperamental guitar sounds and songs about a difficult fate with faith in a happy future where love lives. It was thanks to the gypsy people that movements and images appeared in the dance that fascinate us to this day. A proud straight back, arms raised in a bend, a moment of immobility and tearing passion of each movement, heels that clearly beat the rhythm in time with a hot heart, a sharp turn and a smooth wave - all this is the magic of flamenco.

The movements of oriental dances, or bellydance, are characterized by swaying of the hips and undulating movements of the abdomen. There are many varieties of oriental dance, which combines the cultural characteristics of various Arab countries. The first information about the oriental dance style can be found on the frescoes in the ancient temples of Egypt. The frescoes are over 3000 years old. This dance style is shrouded in various legends. One of the legends says that the concubines of the harem danced this dance to ease the birth pangs and drive away evil spirits from the newborn. Also, this dance was associated with the cult of the Goddess of Fertility and was used in rituals to appeal to the forces of nature to obtain a harvest. At that time, the land for the inhabitants of the Arab countries was the only source of food. To get a generous harvest, the priestesses in the temples performed a belly dance, which was also associated with fertility and the birth of a new life. Further, the dance was transformed into a folklore one, since each ethnic group living in this region brought something of its own to the dance. But the main thing remains the same. The main performer is a woman, and the main elements are the movements of the abdomen and hips. The sounds of folk instruments are necessarily woven into oriental motifs: drums, oud and tambourines, woven into melodic lulling singing.


Having become acquainted with the history of the emergence of various popular dance styles, one can trace a clear pattern. Dance arose in society at the time of its progressive development. With the help of dance, people tried to explain the phenomena of nature and "make friends" with her or ask for the protection of natural forces. With the help of dance, the correct relationship of a man and a woman as partners and their role in the community and family was emphasized. The dance served as a means of bringing like-minded people together and helped to survive difficult life situations with faith in a brighter future, truth, justice and love. Performing dance movements helped the fighters become more dexterous, and future mothers gave birth to healthy children, while maintaining their own health. In general, in the history of the development of human civilization there has always been a dance. He served as an outlet in difficult situations, supporting the spirit of people, and a means of strengthening the body in order to fight all the hardships of life.


In the process of studying theoretical sources, I learned a lot of interesting things about the development of dances of different peoples. In the course of the study, we confirmed the hypothesis. Dance is a part of the most ancient culture of every nation and arose in the course of the main activity and historical events of each nation and reflects the milestones of its development, as well as the moments of labor activity. If the folk dance is alive, the culture of the people is also alive. I recommend that elements of the dance culture of the peoples of the world be included in the lessons of history, music, and physical education. This will make the lessons more interesting, meaningful and add positive emotions to our lives.


  1. Bogdanov G. F. "The Tale of Russian Traditional Choreographic Folklore" Methodological guide-M .: VKhTTs, 2012
  2. Klimov A. A. "Fundamentals of Russian folk dance." -M.: Art, 1981
  3. R. Waring "The Art of Capoeira" National Geographic ELT 2008
  4. Alfonso Puing Claramunt, N. Vanhanen "The Art of Flamenco Dance" 1984.
  5. E. V. Shakhmatova "Research of European Directing and Traditions of the East". 2019.
  6. Abstract: Canonization of dance forms in the process of formation and development of Russian folk dance

Basic terms (automatically generated) : dance, round dance, movement, dance, single dance, pair dance, dance help, Russian folk dance, dance culture, dance culture of the peoples of the world.

Researchers: dancing saves your heart

Komsomolskaya Pravda

HealthNews of medicineAll about our heart: News of cardiology diseases [comment by a cardiologist]

Experts have found that regular visits to the dance floor halves the risk of cardiovascular diseasePhoto: Viktor GUSEYNOV

Neuroscientists have long said that dancing to your favorite music is one of the best ways to cope with stress, cheer up and even relieve some types of headaches. Now, the supporters of "dancing" have joined the researchers of the cardiovascular system.

Western Sydney University's School of Science and Health studied data from more than 48,000 British citizens over 40 years of age. They were followed up for 10 years. General condition, risk of cardiovascular disease and death from them, as well as physical activity were taken into account. It turned out that the British, who were engaged in dancing, received a lot of bonuses for their health!

- We have found that exercise on the dance floor is very protective against cardiovascular disease, - pleased one of the authors of the study, professor at the University of Western Sydney Daphne Meroom. - For those who love to dance and do not deny themselves this pleasure, the risk of death from heart and vascular diseases is reduced by 49% (that is, almost twice).

Moreover, dancing is even more beneficial than cardio walking, which is traditionally considered the best type of exercise for training the cardiovascular system, the researchers emphasized ( , remember, this is walking as fast as possible, but in such a way that there is no shortness of breath. - Ed.). Amateur dancers have an additional 21% more protection than those who prefer walking, Meroom said.

Moreover, the type of dances does not play a role - the main thing is that they be quite intense. “The more active you move, the greater the benefit for the cardiovascular system,” experts explain. At the same time, it’s not just exercise itself that brings benefits. Good music, communication with other people while dancing also have a beneficial effect on the state of the whole organism.


Cardiologist: dancing prolongs life

- Among the factors prolonging life - along with a healthy diet, sleep, regular medical examinations, etc. , the most important place is occupied by physical activity, - explained " KP "hereditary cardiologist, ex-chief physician of the Kremlin hospital, writer and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov.

Dancing is a pretty serious aerobic exercise that works the whole body. In terms of usefulness, this is comparable, perhaps, only with swimming. Therefore, dance to your health!

Just keep in mind that we are not talking about those dances that happen after a bottle of vodka. Ideally, these should be regular classes, best of all - at least 5 times a week for 40 minutes a day. Then you will not only protect your heart and blood vessels, but will also be toned, plastic, flexible.

By the way, when I visit France, I go to boxing courses, and one of the best boxing trainers there is a former French dancesport champion.

- What about discos in nightclubs? Some go there to relieve stress on the weekends and dance all night until morning. Is this a good workout for the heart or rather a harmful load?

- If a person can dance all night, then most likely he uses some kind of stimulant, alcohol at best. It only brings harm. In general, when exercising, regularity is very important. Even classes once or twice a week, but constantly and at the same time - it's better than nothing. If you want to get real, tangible benefits, then try to practice daily.

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