How to say dance in chinese
The Last Dance 2020 has Chinese subtitles thanks to this fan
Millions of viewers in China have Aiqi Sun, a University of North Carolina student, to thank for bringing the most watched ESPN documentary of all time to China. Sun, from Qingdao, China, had the incredible opportunity to help translate the latest documentary about Michael Jordan “The Last Dance” from English to Mandarin. The documentary — showing how Jordan came to be the basketball legend that he is — amassed an average of 5.6 million viewers across all 10 short episodes.
How did the University of North Carolina student get this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity? It all started when Sun won an award in high school for his translating skills, and has previously provided Mandarin subtitles for another television series for Tencent — the Chinese rightsholder of “The Last Dance”. When he heard that Tencent had a huge project coming in April, he jumped at the opportunity and signed up for it.
“I like sports, and I enjoy playing and watching them — in particular basketball, badminton, pool, and so on. I also enjoy reading, especially on topics regarding social sciences. The reason I chose to study abroad is because I like to experience different cultures and to pursue my academic goals,” the 19-year-old tells us.
Aiqi Sun in a Halloween costume. Source: Aiqi Sun
Below we dive into more depth about the process of translating “The Last Dance” and his experience as an international student in the US:
Can you give us more details about translating Michael Jordan’s most recent documentary ‘The Last Dance’?
I translated the first episode and half of the eighth episode of “The Last Dance”. Each episode took me hours. It was challenging because we had only 48 hours to turn it in keeping in mind I had to prepare for my finals and school work too.
I worked with a team of translators, each assigned to different episodes. After translating, we always had to double check. The job was slightly easier for me because Michael Jordan also attended the University of North Carolina, so I knew all the names and locations on campus mentioned in the film.
Besides not having enough time, the biggest challenge was the fact that there was no film — we were only given the script. I had to imagine what was going on: What position was Michael Jordan exactly on the court? In which direction did he pass the ball? I had to resort to Googling the videos of those games so I could translate more accurately. In addition, translating slangs and profanity was also quite troublesome!
Can you walk us through the application process to study at the University of North Carolina?
Back in my hometown in China, I went to a highschool with a British curriculum in my hometown where we studied the IGCSE and the international A levels. Several of my schoolmates went on to study in the UK, but I was more interested in the diverse culture and academic setting in the US.
I took the SAT, TOEFL, and APs and applied to the University of North Carolina through Common Application in the Early Action round. I was also accepted to the Honours Carolina programme, and the [email protected] programme which just further persuaded me to commit to that university.
What do you like most about studying at the University of North Carolina?
I really like the fact that my classmates are always very interactive and we have had many interesting and valuable discussions. People aren’t afraid to share their ideas and I’ve learnt a lot from them.
Aiqi Sun, pictured second from the right with his football teammates at the University of North Carolina. Source: Aiqi Sun
Tell us about your most memorable time at the University of North Carolina in the US. What do you like most about it and why?
Because of visa issues, I arrived late to university and my first class in college was the compulsory first-year writing. As a foreigner I didn’t understand the discussion and I wanted to drop out several times.
However, my lecturer was patient, helpful, and guided me through all the previous courses I missed. This meant a lot to me because I kept worrying about not being able to study and live in a foreign environment, I’m very grateful to that teacher.
A more relaxing story would be that there was a huge snow day once and the football stadium was covered in thick snow. I’ve not seen snow like that back in my hometown, so I was extremely excited. School was suspended, and my friends and I had a really good time.
What activities do you enjoy doing most in the US?
Aiqi Sun recalls a day where it snowed so heavily that school was suspended. Source: Aiqi Sun
I often go to basketball and football games. However, the basketball team at the University of North Carolina never wins when I go watch (I hope I’m not the bad luck charm!). I love food, so I often dine out on the weekend around Chapel Hill to try different cuisines. Lastly, I love hanging out and chatting with the friends that I’ve made.
What do you miss most from home?
I miss my friends, my family, my dog, the food, and the fact that I can drink alcohol in China at my age. I still keep contact with many friends and am trying to make more in the US. I also regularly Facetime or call my parents.
I lived with the family of my father’s old classmate who took care of me after the spring semester, so that felt a bit like home. As for food, I’ve tried quite a few Asian restaurants in the Triangle area and I’ve tried cooking myself, but it’s been pretty disastrous!
What are your top recommendations for others planning to study in the US?
I’d say it’s important to learn English well if you are not a native speaker. There’s definitely going to be a cultural shock, so the best thing is to be open to new experiences and be ready to express who you are.
Franklin Street is the centre of social life for students at the University of North Carolina. Source: Aiqi Sun
What plans do you have for the future? Would you consider a career in translation perhaps?
I don’t have a solid plan for now. I might pursue a PhD in Economics and work in an academic institution after my studies at the University of North Carolina. I’m still doing translation as a part-time job, but am aware that I need a lot more training to be more professionally involved.
let's dance - Translation into Chinese - examples English
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Come on, let's dance. I'm Tom Cruise.
Listen, let's dance. How about that?
Come on Leo, let's dance!
No, I'm not sleepy. Come on, let's dance!
不 我不困 走 我们去跳舞！
Come on, baby, let's dance.
来吧， 宝贝儿， 来跳舞吧.
So maybe play-a like to think you through. But right now, it's all about me and you, so... (Let's dance) Get on the floor. No need to hold back.
Don't be. Let's dance!
Let's have some fun tonight. Let's dance together.
Come on, let's dance.
Come on, Sherry, let's dance.
I hope so. Come on, let's dance.
我希望如此 来 我们跳舞
Give the baby to Betty and let's dance. Let's dance.
把孩子给贝蒂 我们跳舞 我们跳舞
Sure, let's dance now!
Come on, Grace, let's dance a sandwich.
Come on Doreen, let's dance.
Then come, let's dance.
Keep on playing music, let's dance in the dark.
Come on, let's dance.
All right, Wilder, let's dance.
来吧， 伟德， 一块儿来跳只舞.
Come on, Mom, let's dance.
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Chinese Dance: The Philosophy of Silk and Bamboo
Soaring dancers, expressive hand movements, ancient legends, magic on the stage - these are the images that come to mind when we talk about traditional Chinese dance. However, behind the seeming ease lies grueling daily training for many years: the training of dancers begins at an early age and involves the study of martial arts, acrobatics, theatrical art, the choreography of traditional stage dances, as well as numerous national dances of China - such is the price for comprehending the ancient traditions of Chinese dance .
So what are these traditions, and how does this art change in the era of the confluence of the cultures of the modern world?
What is Chinese traditional dance?
Chinese folk dance and stage dance - it is these two broad categories that Chinese traditional dance can be divided into. Stage dances were performed in the Emperor's Palace and embodied the images of poetry, art and sculpture of that time. That is why Chinese dances are so refined and rich, just like any traditional Chinese art form.
The most obvious difference between Chinese and Western dance styles is in the dance form. Traditionally, both in Chinese stage and national Chinese dances, the movements go in a spiral and a circle, because in Chinese culture the circle symbolizes harmony. European dances, such as ballet and modern dance, tend more towards linear movement and elongated forms.
In addition, Chinese dance differs from classical Western dance in its specific emphasis on hand movements and finger positions, as well as eye-hand coordination.
Chinese dance should also contain three elements of Chinese philosophy that are mysterious to Westerners: jing (concentration), qi (energy flow) and shen (spirit). These aesthetic concepts came to the dance from the three main religions of China - Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism, which form the cultural basis of Chinese civilization.
From rags to riches
Worship of deities, fear and anger, joy and happiness of ancient people - all this can still be seen in Chinese dances, the history of which is more than five thousand years old. In their first dances, people described the path of the stars and embodied the idea of the structure of Heaven and the Celestial Empire.
In ancient China, the peasants preferred to dance group dances. But later some of them made dance their trade and began to dance for others. According to Confucian canons, women were not allowed to dance, so the role of women was played by men.
Starting from the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 249 BC), schools of music and dance were organized at the emperor's palace, where musicians and dancers were trained. In addition, the schools researched and developed folk, religious dances and dances of other peoples. The dancers belonged to the lowest social class, their main duty was to give performances for the emperor and nobles.dancer, stone image of Henan Province (Song Dynasty)
The imperial palace of the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) began to organize the storage of documents. Thanks to this, the art of dance and art in China has been further developed.
“Sons of the Pear Orchard”
Traditional Chinese dance reached its peak during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). During this three-hundred-year period, the most important cultural events took place - two institutions were founded: the Imperial Academy and the Pear Orchard Academy - after the name of the imperial garden inside the palace. The latter was founded by Emperor Li Longji (712-756 AD). Thus, the first professional dance troupe appeared in China. Her dancers were called "sons of the pear orchard".Emperor Li Longji
Indian and Iranian dances came to China along the famous Silk Road, which greatly influenced the development of Chinese dance. In addition to the Hindus, Persians and other trading peoples, Buddhist monks began to travel to China. So Buddhism appeared in China, which had a huge impact on Chinese culture. Numerous frescoes of that period depicted the Flying Apsaras - demigoddesses, spirits of the clouds in the form of beautiful women. The unique postures of the deities depicted in these murals have had a great influence on Chinese classical dance, bringing to the stage an imitation of “soaring flight”, which is so admired by audiences around the world.Zeng Hao, "Soaring Apsaras"
"Dancing Emperor" Li Shimin (627 - 649 AD) from the Tang Dynasty became the first Chinese choreographer a thousand years before the advent of Louis the Fourteenth, who founded the Paris Opera and the Royal Academy of Dance in the seventeenth century in France. Another great musician and director was Emperor Li Longji. He created the famous choreographic production "Song of Eternal Sorrow". The plot of this dance can now be found in the fantastic ballet Giselle.
In the "Song of Eternal Sorrow" the dancers move on the stage as if in a magical world. The choreographer combined the idea of dance with a high dance technique that came from Indian dance on the one hand and classical Chinese imperial palace dance on the other. Even today it is hard to believe that the famous “soaring flight” on stage is not a dream. The inspiration for the creation of many dance compositions at that time was the emperor's concubine Yang Guifei, known as the most beautiful girl in the Middle Kingdom. She herself danced the Song of Eternal Sorrow. Today, this dance is considered one of the important achievements of Chinese dance culture.
Traditional Chinese dances usually have very poetic names. For example, like the famous Dunhuang Silk Dance. Several dancers to the gentle melody "Dance of Flowing Silk" depict on stage a scene depicted on a fresco from the Wei Dynasty (220 - 266 AD). Dunhuang is an oasis and a city in the Chinese province of Gansu, which in ancient times served as a gateway to China on the Great Silk Road.
“Plum blossom in the snow” is another famous Chinese poetic image. In China, a plum tree in the snow symbolizes resilience in the face of life's adversities. Chinese dancer Wei No in the eighties embodied this image on stage in a beautiful production with a white and pink fluttering fan. It was one of the first Chinese dances to be introduced to the international stage.
Bamboo in Chinese tradition is considered a symbol of good luck, endurance and longevity. Of course, in China there is also a bamboo dance. To the pleasant melody of a bamboo flute with a clear rhythm, a dancer in an original light green costume gracefully depicts how bamboo grows, sways in the wind ...
The heroic events of the past are recreated on the stage by the dance "The Brave Detachment of Emperor Qin". This traditional Chinese dance allows you to understand the heroic nature of the Chinese warriors of Emperor Qin, who seemed to come to life and returned to the fields of bloody, fierce battles to the powerful rhythm of drum music.
The prototype of the Flying Apsaras, deities of the Buddhist pantheon, is embodied on the stage in a dance number with the beautiful name "Soaring Goddesses". Complex acrobatic stunts along with the use of flowing golden ribbons create the feeling of the famous Chinese "soaring flight".
Visiting card of China
“I wish your child to become a Big Dragon” – this is literally the wish of parents in Chinese that their “child has a good future”. Chinese women try to get pregnant and give birth to a child this year - it is believed that children born in the year of the Dragon will be lucky in life. In Chinese culture, the dragon is a talisman of peace and good luck, one of the most recognizable symbols of China, so it is not surprising that the dragon dance is the most beloved Chinese folk dance that the inhabitants of the Celestial Empire perform on all national holidays.
During the millennia of Chinese civilization, this dance has taken on many forms. And now there are more than one hundred kinds of Dragon Dance. This dance can be performed by one or two people, or maybe a hundred people. At the performance, dozens of strong men hold heavy supports, run and jump, depicting the flight of the Dragon through the Sky. The dragon assumes various poses, for example, “beats with its tail”, “rolls on the ground”, “crawls along a pole”. Usually this mythical animal is made of multi-colored silk, it can reach ten meters in length. Under the deafening crackle of crackers and fireworks, the Dragon "flies" near the happy crowd, which beats the drums and hits the gongs. This dance makes a huge impression on the audience. It inspires both dancers and spectators, awakening in them a sense of community, familiarization with ancient Chinese traditions and a sense of patriotism.
The Dragon Dance is considered the national dance of the Han, an ethnic group that makes up about ninety-two percent of China's population. The famous Lion Dance, which is performed during the Chinese New Year according to the lunar calendar, the main traditional holiday of China, also belongs to the national Han dances.
The Han believe that the Lion brings happiness and prosperity to the house and drives out evil spirits on New Year's Eve, so they take part in the performance of the Lion Dance with pleasure. This dance is usually performed by two - the front dancer holds the head of the beast in his hands, his legs represent the front paws of a lion. Another dancer depicts the torso and hind legs of a lion. The torso of the “lion” is covered with a golden fabric with a hanging, imitating the hair of a royal animal. Both dancers must work very well in order to successfully portray the movements of the beast. Sometimes the lion dance includes a playful and cute lion cub performed by one dancer.
A warrior takes part in the Lion Dance, holding a colorful ball and teasing the “lion” with it. He jumps, bends and, as it were, “plays with the ball”. The whole dance takes place under the thunder of gongs and other percussion instruments, creating a cheerful festive mood. The Lion Dance has become a gem of Chinese folk dance. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, many dance troupes in China have included this dance in their professional repertoire.
Modern Chinese dance
When Chinese traditional dance is given the meaning of "modern", it does not mean that it has abandoned its roots. Chinese modern dance is still fundamentally different from modern Western dance. In the twentieth century, Chinese classical dance took on a slightly different form, reaching a new stage in its development.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the "Dance Arts Studio" was founded in China, where a system of dance techniques for modern Chinese dance was developed. During this period, many original choreographic performances based on the realities of modern life were staged, some of them glorified the Chinese Communist Party, for example, the Red Silk Dance, which acquired a patriotic color.
In 1954, the famous Beijing Dance Academy was founded, whose dance performances brought Chinese dance to the world stage. For example, the dance "Chuanyin" in 1990 received the main prize at the French international competition in Paris.
The famous Chinese dancer Yang Liping, who is a symbol of the Chinese dance scene of the twentieth century, made a significant contribution to the modern dance art of China. She was born in Yunnan, one of the southern provinces of China. Yang Liping became the choreographer of the musical dance drama "Princess Peacock" and performed the lead role in it. For this production at 19In 79, she received the main award of Yunnan Province. In 1986, Yang created the Soul of the Peacock dance, which brought her worldwide fame, and subsequently directed the film Sun Bird, which won the top prize at the 1994 Montreal Film Festival in Canada. Yang Liping explored the dances of different regions of China, and "Reflection of Yunnan" became a new type of Chinese dance art.Yang Liping
Step into the Millennium
With the advent of the new millennium, under the influence of cultural globalization, significant changes are taking place in Chinese dance. Some Chinese even began to question whether the classical standards of traditional Chinese dance should be maintained at all. Young choreographers often began to neglect their cultural heritage - the expressive language of gestures, facial expressions, characteristic of classical Chinese dance, the cyclical nature of its traditional form began to be lost. The interest of foreign tourists in Chinese dance is very high, because of which it began to adapt to the tastes of visitors, and this began to negatively affect the original roots of the dance. Many young people in China are becoming less and less interested in their national dances, preferring ballet or hip-hop instead. But at the same time, Chinese dance also has new opportunities for development.
“Chinese traditional dance, like any art form, needs inspiration, influence from outside, so that it does not get mothballed and suffocated,” says Li Yushan, President of the Chinese Dance Association. “Recently, Chinese traditional dances have been significantly transformed under the influence of Arabic, Indian, and even Russian dances. To some extent, Chinese dance is gradually merging with ballet. However, the whole thing can be classified as a modern Chinese dance because it stays true to the Chinese tradition and spirit."
Beijing Dance Academy researchers actively travel to remote corners of China in order to preserve their dance heritage. For the most successful students of the Academy, the doors to the big stage or cinema will open. Choreographers of major television shows, using the latest achievements in dance technology, are trying to preserve in the dance the traditions inherited from the Chinese classical dance of the imperial palace.
And this is exactly the magic that viewers around the world admire so much!
Dances in China - frwiki.wiki
Dance in China is expressed in many forms, with a combination of traditional and modern currents in great varieties, ranging from folk to opera through ballet. It is performed under various circumstances, including public holidays, rituals and ceremonies. The most famous Chinese dances these days are probably the dragon dance and the lion dance.
Finally, each of China's 56 official ethnic groups has their own dances.
- 1 story
- 2 Traditional dance
- 2.1 Dragon Dance
- 2.2 Lion dance
- 3 traditional ethnic dances
- 4 ritual dances
- 5 Contemporary dance
- 5.1 1900-1950
- 5.2 1950-1980
- 5.3 1980-2020
- 6 City dances
- 7 Notes and references
- 7.1 Bibliography
- 8 See also
- 8.1 Related Articles
- 8.2 External links
A Tang-era dancer is depicted on a wall in Xi'an.
The history of Chinese dance (c) goes back thousands of years. The word "dance" in Chinese, carved on the bones of the prophet, is itself a pictogram of a dancer holding the tails of domestic animals in each hand (c) .
Some Chinese dances, such as the long sleeve dance, date back to at least the Zhou Dynasty. The most important dance of the early periods is the ritual and ceremonial dance called yayue (en) , which was danced before the Qing Dynasty.
In the era of the Six Dynasties (220-589), music and dance were strongly influenced by Central Asia. The art of dance reached its peak during the Tang Dynasty when they were diverse and cosmopolitan. At this time, a large number of dances are recorded: about 60 large-scale performances are staged in the yard.
Traditional Chinese dances include folk dances, dances performed in rituals or performances, and dances performed at the imperial court.
The most famous traditional Chinese dances are the dragon dance and the lion dance, which have taken different forms depending on the time. A form of lion dance similar to the current one is described as early as the Tang Dynasty.
It is reported that Chinese dancers dressed up as mythical animals and beasts for a long time. During the Han Dynasty, some dragon costumes should be noted, although it is believed that the dragon dance form of that time was very different from the modern one. Once this dance was performed as a ritual to call for rain during a drought, when the eastern dragon was associated with rain. Thus, we celebrate performances where the dancers were dressed as a green dragon playing a flute, and others where a fish turned into a dragon.
dragon dance Modern includes manipulation, for ten people, light design in the shape of a dragon. To manage the latter, the dancers use sticks distributed at regular intervals. Thus, the "dragon" can be very long and include a hundred dancers. There are 700 varieties of dragon dance in China.
The lion dance would have been introduced and would not come from China, as this animal is not found. The dance came from India or Persia. By the way, the Chinese word for "lion", shi (獅), could be derived from Persian šer .
A detailed description of the lion dance is given during the Tang Dynasty and is believed to be of foreign origin. However, it appears in China in III - m century. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, it was associated with Buddhism.
A version similar to the modern version of the lion dance is described in the poem Western Liang Arts (西凉伎) by the poet Bai Ju. The dancers wear a lion costume, consisting of a wooden head, a silk tail and a fur body, with gold covered eyes and silver plated teeth, as well as detachable ears.
There are two versions of the lion dance: northern and southern. There is also a lion dance in Tibet, where it is more commonly called the "snow lion dance".
Traditional ethnic dances
- Traditional Chinese (ethnic) dances including Shen Yun Performing Arts
- Chinese National Ethnic Song and Dance Ensemble (en)
- Tibet: Cham, Ache Lhamo, Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts
- Gansu: Dunhuang Dance
- Yunnan: music and dance of the Dai ethnic group, peacock dance (fr)
- Xinjiang: Uighur music (and dance), sanam (dance) (fr)
- Inge dance (en)
- Baishou dance
- Er Ren Zhuan (ru)
- Yayue (ying) to bring music to the Korean A-ak court or Japanese gagaku.
- Bright Moon Song and Dance Company (an) (Shanghai, 1930c)
Photo from ballet Le Détachement feminine rouge .
- Nanjing Dance Company Little Red Flower (in) (1950 children)
- National Ballet of China (1959)
- revolutionary opera
- Red Women's Squad (1964), White Hair Girl
* Shanghai Ballet Company
- Guangzhou Ballet
- Hong Kong Ballet
- Liaoning Ballet
- Suzhou Ballet
- Tianjin Ballet
- Urban Contemporary Dance Company (Hong Kong, 1979, Willie Cao)
- Beijing Contemporary Dance Company
- Guangdong Contemporary Dance Company (GMDC) (Canton, 1992, Willy Cao)
- Beijing Live Dance Studio
- BeijingDance / LDTX (2005)
- TAO Dance Theater (2008), artistic direction of Tao Ye
- (en) Chinese Dance Troupes
- Dance Place or Guanchanwu
- Yange (ru)
- Chongqing Acrobatic Dance
- New concept of public spaces and their use
- Street dancing
Notes and links
- ↑ (in) Wang Kefeng, History of Chinese Dance , Chinese Books and Periodicals, (ISBN 978-0-8351-1186-7) , page 7
- ↑ (in) China: Five Thousand Years of History and Civilization , City University of Hong Kong Press, , 832 p. (ISBN 978-962-937-140-1, read online)
- ↑ (in) Year Lihui Yang Deming, Handbook of Chinese Mythology , Oxford University Press, , 293 p. (ISBN 978-0-19-533263-6, read online)
- ↑ (in) "" 求雨 "", Chinese Text Project
- ↑ (in) Richard Gunde, Culture and Customs of China , Greenwood, ( ISBN 978-0-313-36118-0, read online) , p.
- ↑ (in) " 西京賦 "
- ↑ (in) Janet Descutner, Asian Dance , Chelsea House Publishing, 99-100 pp. (ISBN 978-1-60413-478-0, read online)
- ↑ (en) Displayed Berthold Laufer, Kleiner: Publicationen aus der Zeit von 1911 bis 1925. 2 v , , 828 p. (ISBN 978-3-515-02651-2, read online)
- ↑ (in) Mona Schrempf, Amdo Tibetans in Transition: Society and Culture in the Post-Mao Era , Leiden, Brill, , 313 p. (ISBN 90-04-12596-5, read online) , "Chapter 6 - Earth Ox and Snowball"
- ↑ (in) Lawrence E. R. Picken, Song Dynasty Lion Dance Music , Cambridge University Press, , 280 pp. (ISBN 978-0-521-27837-9, read online)
- ↑ (in) The Dramatic Works of Chu Yu-Tung: 1379-1439 , Brill, , 283 p. (ISBN 978-90-04-07291-6, read online)
- ↑ (in) "" 西凉 伎 "": "西凉 伎 伎 假面 人 假 狮子 刻 为 头 丝 作 尾 尾, 金 镀 银 贴 齿 迅 如 从 流沙 . . 万里。。。 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里 万里紫髯深目两胡儿，鼓舞跳粱前致辞。 »
- ↑ (in) Mona Schrempf, Earth Ox and Snow Lion in Tony Huber, Amdo Tibetans in Transition: Society and Culture in the Post-Mao Era , Brill , 147–169 p. (ISBN 25965, read online)
- ↑ Shen Yun Performing Arts - https://en.shenyunperformingarts.org/learn/category/index/level-one/8i28clX-ln4/level-two/re8-V0nF9Vc/.html
- ↑ http://www.afeao.ca/map/CHINE_DANSES_CHINOISES.pdf
- ↑ " [Theater and Dance of the People's Republic of China: Photographs / Roger Peake] ", at Gallica, (accessed 6 September 2020) .
- ↑ " TAO Dance Theater 陶身体身 ", on facebook.com (accessed September 6, 2020) .
- ↑ (in) " Tao Ye is Artistic Director of TAO Dance Theater " on DanceTabs, (accessed September 6, 2020) .
- ↑ (in) Gia Kurlas, " Tao Ye talks about TAO Dance Theater " on timeout.com, (accessed September 6, 2020) .
- ↑ Grazer, Florence, "Yange" in modern China. Daily popular practice and community life in the neighborhood ", Chinese Perspectives , Persée - Portal of Science Journal in SHS, vol. 53, p o 1, , pp. 31–43
- ↑ http://french.peopledaily.com.cn/VieSociale/8624331.html
- ↑ Bardon, Severin, " New Public Spaces in Chinese Cities ", Chinese Perspectives , Perce - SHS Science Journal Portal, vol. pp. 78–90 (DOI 10.3406/perch.2008.3675, read online, accessed September 6, 2020) .
- ↑ Bryce Pedroleti, " In China, street dancers walk in step with ", on lemonde.fr, (as of September 6, 2020) .
- (fr) This article is taken in whole or in part from the English Wikipedia article titled "Dancing in China" (see list of authors) .
- (en) Wang Kefeng, History of Chinese Dance , Chinese Books and Periodicals, (ISBN 978-0-8319)0330
- (en) Music from the Tang Court: Volume 1-7 , Cambridge University Press, 1985–2007 (read online)
- Beijing Dance Academy
- History of Chinese Dance (en)
- List of dances
- Chinese choreographers
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