How many dance forms

15 Dances of India | Classical Dance Forms of India & States

India has many dances, coming from every state in the country, although there are only six forms of the classical dances recognised by India on a national level. They are Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, and Odissi. The folk dances of India are much more than mere body movements, from the very ancient times the classical dance forms of India is considered as a discipline and a way to devote yourself to God through art. 

Here are the 15 dance forms of India:

1. Bharatnatyam

Tamil Nadu, South India


Performed on the celestial tunes of the Carnatic music, Bharatnatyam comes from the state of Tamil Nadu in South. The origins of Bharatnatyam can be traced back to 1000 BC, and it originates from the ancient temples of Tamil Nadu performed by the women of the classical period. The dance form is known for its beautiful body movements and gestures which are called Mudras in the traditional language. It focuses on the hand gestures, leg movement and the facial expressions of the dancer. This dance form was very prevalent before the British era but was profoundly depressed during the colonial period. However, India kept the dance form alive in the houses, and today it is recognised as one of the most respectable art forms in India especially in the Southern region of the country where it is a moment of pride for the women of the house to learn the classical dance form of Bharatnatyam.

2. Kathak

Uttar Pradesh, North India


Coming from the northern part of the country from the state of Uttar Pradesh, Kathak comes from the word 'Katha' which means "story" in Hindi. It isn't a very smart guess for one to make that Kathak is performed in the form of storytelling through the body movements used by the dancer. Kathak is often referred to as the dance of love, and it can be performed by both by the male and female dancer together. This dance form focuses highly on the ankle movements complemented by the ankle that has to match the beats of the music. Ankle bells or gunghroos as they are called in the traditional language is an important part of the discipline of this dance form. Various distinctions can be witnessed in this dance forms as it is performed in various places in the country which includes Jaipur, Benaras, and Lucknow.


3. Kathakali

Kerala, South India


Kathakali is another traditional dance form of India which relates to the storytelling. Kathakali translates to the 'storyteller' in the country's language. Coming from the Southern region of the country from Kerala, Kathakali is one of the most renowned and religious dances forms of India. It originates from the tales of Ramayana and Shiva stories. Kathakali includes the intriguing face movements and the heavy costumes which include the traditional face masks and body paints (generally green). The music which includes only the vocals is called Soppanam. The storytelling of the epic Hindu mythology tales depicting both evil and good is shown through the conversation between the dancers only through their body gestures and facial expressions. Simply fascinating to watch!

4. Manipuri

Manipur, North East India


As you stroll towards the North-east India which is brimming with the rich tradition and their unique culture, Manipuri comes as an important symbol to represent the state of Manipur from the region. This dance form is performed to narrate the romantic relationship between the Hindu gods Radha and Krishna, which is famously known as RaasLeela. This art form is performed in a team with the traditional Manipuri costumes and makeup to narrate the tale of the two gods. The dance is performed on the narrative chanting and the music created by the Indian classical instruments.

5. Kuchipudi

Andhra Pradesh


Belonging to the Andhra Pradesh, Kuchipudi is probably the toughest form of classical dance in India. Kuchipudi is not just considered as the dance but a whole religious procedure dedicated to God which includes certain rituals such as sprinkling the holy water, burning the incense sticks and praying to God. Kuchipudi includes both singing and dancing by the performer which is why it requires both the skill and much more dedication than any other art forms in India. In the earlier period, Kuchipudi was only performed by the male dancers in the temples, specifically the Brahmins( Upper caste of the society) but with the passage of time, it became famous amongst the women and nowadays it is mostly performed by the female dancers.


6. Odissi

Odisha, East India


Odissi dance form comes from the state of Odisha in the eastern part of India. The traditional dance has been derived from the Hindu temples in Odisha. Most of the gestures and movements (Mudras) are inspired by the sculptors and idols belonging to the ancient temples of India. The dance is performed as a way to express the mythological tales of Hindu gods, including that of Shiva and Surya. The dance is accompanied by a mythical story, Hindi poem in the form of music by the musicians. Odissi is considered as the oldest dance forms of India which are surviving till today. Odissi dance is performed mostly by the women dancers, and it includes more than 50 intriguing mudras (body movements).

7. Bhangra/Gidda

Punjab, North India


Belonging to Punjab, Bhangra is a heart-pumping dance adorned with the loud beats of dhol( traditional Indian instrument). It is very prevalent in traditional Punjabi festivals.

8. Garba

Gujarat, West India


Garba comes from Gujarat which is a traditional dance form dedicated to Goddess Durga. It is performed in a couple on the typical Gujarati music, and the sticks are used to perform this art form.

9. Rouf

Kashmir, North India


Performed by the Kashmiri people to celebrate their festivals and important occasions, Rouf is a soothing dance form generally performed by the female dancers on the traditional Kashmiri music.

10. Ghoomar



Wearing heavy jewellery and the beautiful costumes you will find the people of Rajasthan dancing on the beats of music to give away their traditional dance form. Ghoomar includes the intriguing circular movements complemented by the hand gestures.

11. Chhau

Mayurbhanj, Odisha


The beautiful women dressed in the elegant attire performing the dance form of Chhau is what you see during the festival time in Kolkata. The popular art coming from eastern India is considered as the dance in the form of martial arts.

12. Bihu

Assam, North-east India

Source: Wikipedia Commons

Young men and women mostly perform this joyous folk dance from Assam during the Bihu festival. The dancers follow a pattern of rapid hand movement, quick steps and a rhythmic swaying of hips wearing the traditional Assamese clothing with beautiful accessories.  Marking the beginning of spring season, Bihu recites the happiness and heritage of Assam and is performed on the occasion of Rangali Bihu. The dhol, Xutuli, Toka, Baanhi, Gogona are the instruments used to play the traditional tunes for the performance. The origin of Bihu is not very known, although the records profoundly state that it is originated from the Bisu dance performed by communities of Upper Assam like the Sonowal Kacharis, Deoris, Moran, Chutias and Borahis. The dance form isn't just known in India but globally popular. This popular Indian Dance was performed at the London Olympics in 2012.



Maharashtra, West India


Originated from the state of the Maratha empire, Lavani is a dance form of Maharashtra. The female-oriented dance is a blend of traditional music and tales of deities. The origin of Lavani comes from the word Lavanya which means beauty. Apart from helping in the upliftment of the Marathi folk theatre, the dance form was also a morale booster during the war in the 18th century. Lavani has two forms; One that's philosophical - Nirguni Lavani and the other that's sensual- Shringar Lavani. With the powerful and quick foot-tapping tempo, the dance form is performed along with the beats of the Dholak. The stories or subjects this dance is based on revolves around topics of religion, politics, society and mostly romance. Dancers are dressed in nine-yard of saree with golden jewellery. The dance was initially staged at local temples in the form of worship, but now it's a sensual dance performed to the pulsating beats rendering a socio-political satire.

14. Mohiniyattam

Kerala, South India


In Indian mythology, Mohini is the female avatar of Lord Vishnu, and the meaning of Attam in Malayalam is rhythmic motion hence adhering to the dance of the divine enchantress. It is the second most popular dance form of Kerala. This classical Indian dance form roots from the age-old Sanskrit text - Natya Shastra. It is traditionally performed by women following a repertoire of Carnatic music, singing and acting a play. At times, the song, a typical hybrid of Malayalam and Sanskrit also called Manipravalam, is sung by the performer herself. With a repertoire of instruments such a Mridangam, Madhalam, Flute, Idakka, Veena and Kuzhitalam; the music is rendered in ragas and performed in a slow melodic style. Although the Lasya dance is often portrayed as gentle, graceful and feminine, it also exhibits a vigorous dance of Tandava relating to Lord Shiva. Besides its popularity, the dance was ridiculed by a series of laws as a devadasi prostitution system during the colonial British Raj. A ban that was protested repealed in 1940 and with the help of the locals of Kerala, Mohiniyattam was revived and reconstructed.

15. Sattriya Dance

Assam, North East India


Mahapurusha Sankaradeva, a Vaishnava saint and reformer of Assam, introduced Sattriya dance in the 15th century AD. This dance form was preserved in the Sattras or the Vaishnava Maths; therefore, it remained a living tradition. This dance was an artistic way of presenting mythological teachings. Traditionally this dance was performed by the male monks or bhokots. However, today, the practice has changed in many ways. The theme is not just related to mythology, and the performances are not limited to the Sattras. Even women can perform Sattriya dance and on the stage. 

Origin of Indian Dance Forms

Indian dances can be traced back to ancient times. In the cave paintings of Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh, one can see dancing figures. The sculptures that date back to the Indus Valley Civilization also portray dancing figures. The text related to the origin of dance in India can be found in Natya Shastra, which was written by the sage Bharata. This text dates back to the 2nd century AD. In this text, the creation of dance is credited to Lord Brahma, who takes its knowledge from the four Vedas.

Other Dance Forms in India & Their States

Andhra Pradesh

Kolattam, Vilasini Natyam, Dhimsa

Arunachal Pradesh

Aji Lamu, Roppi, Phoning


Bagurumba, Ali Ai Ligang


Kajari, Jhumari


Dandari, Gendi, Panthi, Karma, Damkach


Mando, Talgari, Suvari, Dasarawadan, Kunbi, Fugadi


Raas, Bhavai, Tippani


Gugga, Khoria

Himachal Pradesh

Kullu Nati, Namgen, Hikat, Chham


Dumhal, Kud, Bhand Jashan




Krishna Parijatha, Nagamandala, Bhootha Aradhane


Kaikottikali, Thumbi Thullal

Madhya Pradesh

Karma, Gaur Maria, Kaksar, Ahiri


Pavri, Dhangari Gaja


Khamba Thoibi, Pung Cholom


Khuallam, Nongkrem


Cheraw, Khuallam


Changlo-Sua lua


Ghumura, Ruk Mar, Goti Pua




Kuccgi ghodi, Kalbelia, Bhavai, Sapera dance


Singhi Cham, Khukuri, Talachi

Tamil Nadu

Karagaattam, Mayil Attam, Kolaattam, Kummi, Kavadi


Garia, Hozagiri

Uttar Pradesh

Raaslila, Charkula


Barada Nati, Chapeli, Langvir

West Bengal

Gambhira, Kalikapatadi, Domni

It's downright astonishing to notice how many unique dances of India are hidden within each state of India. With endless varieties of cultural art forms adorned with traditions, dances reflect the cultural richness. Our nation is indeed united in diversity.

21 List of Dance Moves Names with Pics

Dance and human civilization are bonded together since the beginning of the human race. With centuries passing by, Dance has become one of the important tools for recreation, entertainment, health, preserving social interactions, religious ceremonies, and also in celebrating events etc. Dancing also served as a way of expressing human thoughts and emotions and also as a means of communication. These days, people chose dancing for various purposes like continuing the family legacy, improving the physical and mental health, as an occupation etc. With the increasing demand in creativity, dance forms also emerged quickly, and now in the present day, we have different dance forms based on different regions, cultures, religions, etc. Here in this article, we show you different types of popular dances present in the world.

A. Indian Classical Dance(Nritya):

Indian classical Dance or popularly revered as “Shastriya Devesh” in the religious Hindu Musical theatre styles whose scripted theories and practices can be identified from the Sanskrit text Natya Shastra. In Hindu religion, it is believed that Kala Bhairava (Lord Shiva) is considered as the master of Dance and hence he is worshipped as Nataraj. Indian classical dances were performed as a religious art inside the sanctum of the Hindu temple or nearby it. There are 8 recognized Indian classical dances by The Sangeet Natak Academy.

  • Bharatanatyam from Tamil Nadu
  • Kathak from Uttar Pradesh
  • Kathakali from Kerala
  • Kuchipudi from Andhra Pradesh
  • Odissi from Odisha
  • Sattriya from Assam
  • Manipuri from Manipur
  • Mohiniyattam from Kerala

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B. African-American Dance:

African-American Dance was started by the black people in America. Before slavery ended in America, many Africans were transported to America as slaves. Soon after the slavery ended, the Africans started to perform their native Dance with a flavor of American moves making it popular as an African-American Dance style. Placing great value on improvisation, these dances are characterized by ongoing change and development. Even today, most of the black Americans perform this style. Some of the famous personalities who performed this dance style are Micheal Jackson and Misty Copeland. Some of the African-American dance styles performed today are

  • Break Dance
  • Tap Dance
  • Swing
  • Hip-Hop
  • Disco
  • Moon Walk

C. Novelty or Fad Dance:

Novelty or fad dances are typically characterized by a quick burst of popularity. Some of these dances may get a longer-lasting life. These are also called as trendy dances or crazy dances which becomes popular overnight. These type of dances were initially started by African-American communities on the streets, in clubs, and in discotheques dancing with some loud and energetic music. There are fad dances that are meant to be danced individually calling them as solo dancers, some with partners, some with groups. Some of these Novelty or fad dances were freestyle type, i.e., there were no particular dance steps or pattern. Some of the well-known Novelty/Fad dances are

  • Bunny Hop
  • The Carlton
  • Gangnam Style
  • Level Up
  • The Smurf
  • Moon Walk


Ceremonial Dance:

This is a type of Dance performed during any ceremonies or for any religious rituals. This type of Dance is also called as ritual Dance or festival dance. Ceremonial Dance is often related and overlaps to sacred Dance and ecstatic dance type. This type of Dance is usually performed to uplift the community spirit. The ceremonial dance type is different for different religions and also different in different regions (countries or places). Some of the best known ceremonial dances are

  • Indian Classical dances like Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali etc
  • Hadra dances and Sufi Whirling in Islam religion
  • Dances in Ancient Egypt
  • Long Sword dance in England
  • Morris dancing
  • Rapper dance
  • Ritual dancing of China
  • Dances of Universal Peace

E. Social Dance:

It is a non-competitive, partner dancing that is relaxed, informal, and danced for the enjoyment and entertainment of the partners that are intended for participation rather than performance. Social dancing is less formal than exhibition dancing and is meant to be enjoyed while socializing. Social dancing is usually performed or enjoyed in wedding receptions, business functions, nightclubs, or informal gatherings. Some of the best known Social dance types are:

  • Waltz
  • Line Dancing
  • Minuet
  • Tango
  • Swing Dancing
  • Hasapiko Dancing
  • Cha-Cha
  • Samba
  • Nightclub Freestyle

F. Latin/Rhythm Dance:

Latin Dance is a partnered dance style that is united by their place of origin- Latin America. This type of Dance is invariably passionate and rhythmic while performing. Latin dances hail from various countries in North and South America and also has European, and African influences. Latin Dance is known for passion, the fire, and the energy and because of these reasons, most of them started making this a hobby of learning Latin Dance, that also benefits from cutting down some pounds in your body. Today, following the music, rhythms, and movement history, Latin Dance evolved over time and has many Latin styles. Some of them are:

  • Slasa
  • Bachata
  • Samba
  • Rumba
  • Cha-Cha-Cha
  • Jive
  • Paso Double
  • Zumba

G. Street Dance:

Street dance is a type of dance style that has been evolved outside the dance studios. These dances are performed on the streets, parks, block parties, clubs etc. In fact, these dances originated at different times and places. For example, Breaking is said to evolve in the 1970s in New York. Nowadays the terms “street dance” and “Hip Hop dance” are often used to refer to a studio-based version of the forms which came about after established teachers and choreographers of Jazz, Ballet and Contemporary tried to copy the “street” styles when they were popularized. Some of the styles of street dances are:

  • Hip-Hop
  • Break Dancing
  • Jerking
  • Locking and Popping
  • Electro Dance
  • Tutting
  • Clogging

21 Most Popular Types of Dance Forms Names:

Dance is an art that is practiced or performed by different sets of people in different ways. Hence Dance can be classified based on country, region, ethnicity, styles etc. For example, in India, there are certain classical dances that are quite famous and in other regions like Brazil has its own traditional Dance. But, there are some dances which are extensively performed and practiced all over the world. Here is a list of some of them.

1. Ballet:

Ballet dance has its origin from Italy. The term ballet means to “dance.” This is usually accepted all over the world as one of the most artistic forms of entertainment enjoyed by all ages. This Dance is the combination of choreography and art, scenic design, lighting, costume, graceful movements with light classical music. These days the traditional ballet dance is replaced with new modern forms of ballet dance styles. Some of the forms of ballet dance are classical ballet, contemporary ballet, neoclassical ballet etc. This type of Dance is not difficult to learn once you have identified your passion for it.

2. Bharatnatyam:

Bharatnatyam is an Indian classical dance form having its origin in Tamil Nadu. It is a dance form practiced by both males and females. It is known among all for its tenderness of graceful expressions and posses and beauty of the dance steps. Dancers wear anklets while performing which consists of numerous copper bells attached. Dancers must excel in the art of perfect ringing of bells in the anklets and must also have proper control over it. Bharatnatyam is one of the well-known types of Dance in India.

3. Kathak:

In types of Indian Dance, Kathak is one which originated in the north Indian land. Among the many dance name list, Kathak is one beautiful form of art. Nomadic bards of ancient Northern India are known to lay down the foundation of this dance form. They were known as storyteller or Kathakars. The performers usually wear the famous Lehenga Choli costume while dancing. Even the copper bells used in Bharatnatyam are used in this dance form.

4. Break Dance:

Breakdance also knew as a street dance was originated by Puerto Rican Youths and African Americans. This dance form consists of four major movements – power moves, down rock, top rock and freezes. This is a modern kind of Dance that involves abstract body steps, that may or may not convey anything. It is usually practiced by the youth.

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5. Lion Dance:

The lion dance is the traditional dance form of Chinese culture. In this form of dance, the performers wear lion costumes and mimic the moves and styles of a lion. This type of Dance is amazing to look at and is completely different from another dance form because you usually cannot see the person behind the costume in this form.

6. Tap Dance:

In this dance form, one needs to tap the shoes on the wooden floor. The shoes are made up of a metallic sole on the heel and the toe facilitating the tapping sound. The two well-known tap dance types are Broadway tap and Rhythmic tap. Tap dancing is also done in Cappella style in which performers need to perform on music created from tapping.

7. Kabuki:

The classical Japanese dance-drama is known as kabuki. This is known for its stylization of performance, and the elaborate and highly complicated make up worn by the performers. Kabuki involves a lot of practice and handling the costume along with the dance steps needs experience. It was one of the major theatrical performance in Japan for about four centuries.

8. Salsa:

It will come in another type of western Dance which almost everyone knows and is performed all around the world. Salsa was originated in New York due to the strong influences of Latin America. Arms are used by the lead dancers to communicate with the followers. In these types of dances, the major expressive movements are done by the lower part of the body that is the hips, the body and legs. The upper body remains at its level. Salsa can be performed in different styles which can be identified on the basis of foot patterns, turns and figures, on the basis of timing, body rolls, dance influence, attitude and the way the partners hold each other while dancing.

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9. Waltz:

The ballroom couple dance performed in closed positions is known as Waltz. This dance form had originated in the country of England during 1816. Several Victorian novels have the mentioning and a perfect description of this dance form. While dancing, the man is required to clasp his arms around his female partner’s waist. This type of modern Dance requires performers to execute delicate and fluid moves and Dance to slow melodic music.

10. Belly Dancing:

One of the unique forms of Dance is belly dancing, and it comes under types of modern Dance. It is characterized by sharp and rolling movements of the abdomen and the hips. This dance form has different types of dance moves depending upon the region and country it is being performed. Movements of the hips and the torso communicate the maximum. Shakira, a famous Latin American superstar, was the one to popularize this form during the 2000s.


Swing, as the name sounds, is a very interesting dance form. It is a group of dances developed with a swing style danced to the tunes of jazz music during the 1920s – 1950s. Swing is a blanket word to different dances such as Jitterbugs, Boogie Woogie and Lindy hops. This type of dance form is fun, and the performers wear stylish dresses, yet very comfortable.

12. Aerial Dance:

Aerial Dance is slowly becoming very famous these days. This dance form is not easy to perform and requires proper training. It was first performed in the USA during the 1970s. The name clearly indicates that in this form, the performer is required to perform in the air. The dancer hangs from any apparatus which is attached to the ceiling and performs steps in mid-air. It provides a lot of space to develop a new idea and dance moves.

13. Tango:

It is a partner dance originated along with the river Plate during the 1890s the partners in tango follow each other chest to chest with either an open embrace or a closed embrace with a constant touch from the thigh area. Tango is a kind of ballroom dance and began in the working-class port in Uruguay, Argentina and Rio de la Plata.

14. Fandango:

Fandango is the primary Dance of Portugal. It involves singing as well as dancing. Dancers tap their feet and quickly keep on changing positions. This dance form is accompanied by castanets, guitars and even sometimes hand clapping.

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15. Cancan:

Cancan is very high energy and physically demanding hall dance. It is usually performed by women in a chorus wearing beautiful costumes which are long skirts with black stockings. The main feature of this form is lifting of the long frilly skirt high accompanied by high kicking.

16. Latin Dance:

Latin Dance involves two partners and resembles a ballroom dance. It originated in Latin America. The social Latin Dance in International Dance includes the rumba, samba etc. The History of Latin dance dates back to the fifteenth century when indigenous dances were first recorded by Europeans. Their dance form is deeply rooted in History and is a must-watch entertainer.

17. Iranian Dance:

Persian Dance or is also known as Iranian Dance refers to the type of dance form, indigenous to Iran. Genres of Dance in Iran usually vary depending on the area, culture, and language of the local people. They also range from sophisticated reconstructions of refined court dances to energetic folk dances. The dance style is rhythmic and pleasing to watch.

18. Azerbaijani Dance:

There are a number of Azerbaijani dances that are practiced and used by the Azerbaijani people of Azerbaijan and the Irani’s of Azerbaijan. Their Dance is engaging, and they differ from other dances and is famous for its quick temp. They are entertaining to watch and is a national interest.

19. Disco Dance:

Disco dance is a type of dance style that is a musical style dating to early 1970s. It began from the USA urban night-life scene, where it had been restricted to house parties. From there on, it began making regular mainstream appearances and gathered popularity. Its popularity was achieved sometime during the mid-1970s to the early 1980s.

20. Folk Dance:

Folk dance is a typical form of Dance that is usually extensively performed in rural areas. It talks of the folklore of the village plight. It is a traditional type of Dance pertaining to one set of people or community. The costumes are interesting and usually depict the traditional dress of the community.

21. Electronic Dance:

This style of Dance is also known as Electronic Dance Music (EDM). This style started in Northern Europe during the 2000s and has become very popular in the next decades. This Dance is typically performed to electro house music based on different dance styles like disco, hip hop and freehand glow sticking.

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Dance is an art that has been practiced since ages for different purposes. In ancient days, History tells us that Dance was performed by only a set of families in front of the kings and in the temples for the purpose of entertainment. Modern-day Dance has evolved in different forms and for different purposes such as Dance as an art, as social bonding, as a career, for health, as relaxation and recreation etc. If you are planning to start dancing, choose any of the above-mentioned styles that can suit your needs. Make sure that you start dancing in the presence of a professional because any mismatch can strain your body or maybe dislocations in your body.

Disclaimer: The above article is intended for information purpose only and should not be construed as professional advice. If you are a beginner, it is recommended to practice or perform in the presence of a professional only.

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On the topic "Small choreographic forms"

(for students of middle and senior school age)


Choreography is one of the types of performing arts, which has its own original and diverse forms and types, and also develops in various directions and genres. For centuries, small and large dance-choreographic forms have been developed that are capable of expressing a generalized poetic life content. Form is a way (method) of presentation of choreographic material, and how it will be presented - this material, as a choreographic work, will acquire such a form. It should always be remembered that all types of dance art have their own forms, their own features of constructing a dance composition.

The concept of choreographic forms

“Choreographic forms” are closed, stable dance structures within which the development of dance themes is carried out. Choreographic forms are peculiar only to dance; pantomime in ballet has no definite forms. It is formally organized only in compositions by dance. Choreographic forms are characteristic of all types of dance. However, each has its own, original forms. They are created for each expressive means of the optimal possibility of revealing the content. The structural forms of classical ballet began to take shape in the 16th century (Italy). By the 17th century, they were entrenched within this theatrical action and became an integral part of the ballet performance.

Types of choreographic forms

Two types of forms:

1) forming clean dance


- Twos

- Threes

Simple Forms:

- Monologue

- Action Duet

- Dance Dialogue0066

Complicated forms:

-Pas de ensembles (up to 6 people)

-Divertissement (Grand Pas - from 12 people; Lyrical picture; Divertimento in number structure)

Complex forms: 9002 - Sub-axion

In addition to the classical forms mentioned above, there are also mixed forms. They represent combinations of different classical forms, the structures of which are arbitrarily intertwined. Such, for example, are solos and duets against the backdrop of a corps de ballet dance. Their forms do not have a fixed design.


- (French variation, from Latin variatio - change) A small solo classical dance for one or more dancers, usually technically complex and compositionally developed. Variations are male and female, built on technically complex movements and jumping.

Two/three - private form, any character of the dancers' performance is intended for:

a) Showing the variety of choreography

b) Revealing the character of the hero

c) Contributes to the development of the plot, shows the state of the hero throughout the performance

Since the 16th century, the variation has not left the stage.

Classification of variations:

1 - Depending on the structure (one, two, three - partial)

2 - By genre (heroic, comic, tragic)

3 - Variation function culmination - to maximize the technical capabilities of the dancers, but also the performing virtuosity)


A musical term of a lyrical, dramatic nature.

One/two/three part form. Can dance any number of people, the psychological mood of the relationship.


- Pair dance. It can be part of the performance or an independent number. Duet dance, in turn, is divided into: “dance of a woman and a man”, “dance-dialogue”. Often they can be called adagio, it demonstrates the dancer’s abilities in performing various develope with the support of the dancer, but this is also the relationship between the characters (often lyrical-romantic character). Their compositional-lexical structure is usually built as a dance "in unison". But it happens that it is necessary to build these duets according to the principle of "mirror reflection".

“The dance of a woman and a man” is created on a specific theme: love or hate, joy or sadness, etc. “The two characters in this case express their feelings and relationships in the dance.” The duet can be male or female.

Twos, threes, fours.

Choreographic fragment, which is performed for two/three/four people. It is synchronous. Not only the main characters can dance in sync, but also the corps de ballet. This choreographic form is inherent in every ballet (Don Quixote, Swan Lake, La Bayadère)

Pas de ensembles

A complex multi-part dance structure consisting of:

  1. Entre - the entrance of heroes
  2. Adagio
  3. Variations of all participants of the pas de ensemble
  4. movements)


- a large structure that is separated from the performance itself, being an independent part of the performance. It often involves characters who did not participate in the play.

Divertissement (from French divertissement - “entertainment”, “entertainment” and Italian divertimento) implies several interpretations:

a series of concert numbers that make up a special entertainment program given in addition to any main performance, concert ;

· a ballet performance consisting of separate numbers, or an insertion number in a ballet or opera, not directly related to the plot.

Initially, three hundred years ago, separate pieces of music or whole collections of plays of an entertaining nature began to appear under this name. Such divertissements became very widespread in the 18th century. Most often they were composed for a chamber ensemble or a small orchestra, in several parts. Divertissements were written by French, German, Italian composers.

Even today you can hear Haydn's or Mozart's divertissements in concerts. And since the 19th century, this term has acquired a slightly different meaning. So they began to call

music similar to potpourri. Simultaneously with such purely musical divertissements, musical stage divertissements appeared in France. These

were inserts, most often ballet, but sometimes vocal episodes in performances - drama or opera. One of the first such divertissements appeared in the comedy

Moliere Forced Marriage. The music for this ballet divertissement was written by the court composer of Louis XIV, J. B. Lully. His

divertissements are also known for other plays by the famous French comedian. Sometimes divertissements make up a whole entertaining performance, a kind of concert inside the performance. Such is the divertissement in the second act of P. I. Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker.

At the same time, the ballet has not lost its auxiliary function in opera productions, on the contrary: it has developed it, turning the dance in the opera performance into a canvas for the general plot. And many modern opera performances often use opening ballet scenes.

Types of divertissements:

  1. In the number structure - more often a characteristic divertissement - a sequence of individual dances. (“Swan Lake” - Spanish dance, Hungarian dance; “La Bayadère” - second act at the wedding)
  2. Grand pas is a complex ensemble form that arose at the climax when the main characters reached the result of their relationship.

In the center - duet of the main characters (Adagio)

Around - dance restructuring

  • Antra
  • Cordule
  • Adazhio
  • Variations
  • Cordlete Perepasses
  • The total code in the finale

expresses an external action - the result of the total performance (music changes)

lyrical picture

is a mass scene, in which no license , one tune pure figurative dance. (Expresses internal action - dreams, dreams, fantasies)

"La Sylphide" - the second act.

“James and Sylph in the magical forest. In an effort to keep the Sylphide, the enamored James turns to the sorceress Madge for help. The sorceress harbors a grudge against the young man - she remembers how he drove her away when she came to tell fortunes to Effy. Madge offers James a magical scarf with which he can capture the elusive Sylph. James throws a scarf around Sylph's shoulders, but the touch is fatal to her. The wings fall, her life goes with them, and she dies in the hands of an unfortunate young man.

The Sylph is carried off by her friends into the clouds. James is desperate... A wedding procession is passing by, accompanying Effy and Gurn.

"Don Quixote" - the dreams of Don Quixote

The scene of Don Quixote's dream is an incredible spectacle in terms of beauty, tenderness and magic, and this is a great merit of production designer Evgeny Spektorov. On the Nizhny Novgorod stage, Don Quixote dreams that he is in a crystal palace with a crystal, but such a “real” fountain, and this marvelous, unrealistic beauty palace, the crystals of which are about to ring on the most delicate piano, is one of the most beautiful scenographic peaks, which I was lucky to see in theaters. Dryad Spektorov dressed in white and turquoise tutus, very suitable for him and giving the impression of fabulous airiness. In such an atmosphere, one can only dance beautifully, and this was demonstrated by the soloists and the corps de ballet.

"Raymonda" - Raymonda's dreams.

“The holiday has died down, the guests have dispersed. Tired, Raymonda falls asleep on the moonlit terrace. The Ghost of the White Lady appears and tells Raymonda to follow her. Raymond obeys.

Terrace overlooking the garden at Doris Castle. Here, attracting the White Lady, comes Raymond. The garden is covered with fog, and when it clears, Raymonda sees her fiancé. She rushes to him. But before the girl is Sheikh Abderakhman. He declares his love to her, Raymond is indignant. Abderakhman disappears, but the girl is surrounded by ghosts, and she loses consciousness. Dawn is coming. The ghosts dissipate. The ladies and pages who have appeared rush to help Raymonda.


- a form of expression of thoughts. Appeared at the beginning of the 20th century, its roots lie in the dramatic theater. There is no sharp difference from other variations, initially the monologue was carried out in pantomime.

Variation-monologue or choreographic monologue is a three or four-part form. Character, surrounding circumstances, feelings - everything here is more specific, in contrast to the ballet variation. A monologue can be solved using all sorts of expressive means. Creating his work, the choreographer revealed the feelings of the hero at a certain turning point in his life, tracing the reaction of the character to events. Phrygia's monologue in the ballet "Spartacus" directed by L. Yakobson was caused by the bullying of the Spartans at the feast. The monologue of Ivan the Terrible conveys the feelings and experiences of the death of his beloved wife Anastasia. In all monologue variations

the principle of choreographic logic, contrast is preserved. In variations-monologues (choreographic monologues), the main thing is the meaningful beginning.

Solo performance exists in other genres of dance art. Solo from the Italian "solo", from the Latin "solus" - "one". In various arts, the term means the performance by one dancer (or dancer) of a variation, concert number or any dance fragment in a ballet performance.

Effective duet

is a dance form that works on the plot, clarifying the relationship of the characters, also embodying the development of the action of a ballet performance.

a) in a duet of agreement - spiritual unity

b) in a duet of struggle - confrontation

("Stone Flower" 1957 Y. Grigorovich - Danila check whether this person is worthy to know the secret of the stone)

Dance dialogue

- a kind of conversation between the characters, in the end they can reach a consensus - their choreography becomes synchronous and unified.

"dance-dialogue" is the highest form of duet dance. Here, each partner, through individual plasticity, leads his own theme, which carries thought and feeling. Duets in the form of effective dialogue

are an indispensable and essential part of a ballet performance. But it should be noted that the term has not been fixed in ballet usage, this is due to the fact that

Every duet has a moment of communication between heroes, for example, Phrygia and Spartacus, Giselle and Albert, etc. Communication, relationship with a partner is a common element in a duet with dialogue.

"Legend of Love" (Yuri Grigorovich) - meeting of Princess Shirin and sculpture by Ferkhod. (at some point they begin to dance in a mirror, it becomes clear that their souls are drawn to each other)

Pa-da-xion (Pas - d' aktion)

(actual dance)

Dance by which the action will be read , but it does not turn into a pantomime.

It expresses both external and internal action. The action of specific movements in the dance, it contains pictorial motifs, characteristic and gesticulation.

Choreographic forms that arose under the influence of

symphonic music

At the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century, symphonic music (Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, etc.) came to the ballet theater, which had a great influence on the emergence of new choreographic forms. Dance forms derived from musical ones appear.

The need to express new content constantly leads to the transformation of classical choreographic forms, on the one hand, and to the formation of new forms - from

on the other. Formation is sometimes the result of choreographic searches, sometimes the result of the influence of other arts.

For example, choreographic trios and quartets appeared in the 20th century. Their structure differs from the pas-da-trois, pas-de-quatre forms. They have different semantic and dramatic functions in the play.

  1. Trio

Just like the duet dance, it has two main forms of existence:

1. Pasdetrois.

2. Trio.

Pasdetrois - “threesome dance” - one of the varieties of the classical ensemble, including the dance of three soloists. The compositional basis is pasdedeux with

an additional dancer performing her variation between the adagio and the dancer's variation.

Like other small forms, pasdetrois has a canonical structure:

1. Introduction (entre).

2. Adagio.

3. Variations of each participant.

4. General code.

Trio is a dance form presented as a dance of three performers. Usually has a freer plasticity and variety in movements, not closed by the canons of classical ballet.

Available in four versions:

two women's parts and one men's;

three women's parties;

two for men and one for women;

· three men's batches.

  1. Quartet

Pasdequatre - translated from French "quatre" - "four". The term was established by the 19th century. This dance form entered ballet along with pasdedeux and pasdetrois.

The construction of pasdequatre was largely built on the principle of pasdedeux, preserving the entire structure:

1. Entre.

2. Variations of four dancers.

3. Code.

Pasdequatre can be both divertissement (pure) and effective (plot). In addition to the canonical structure, there are other forms of building pasdequatre, for example, "Dance of the Little Swans" in P.I. Tchaikovsky "Swan Lake"

Choreographic quartet. In the 20th century, this kind of small choreographic form is transformed into choreographic quartets. Their structure becomes more different, freer in the variational sense. This is also due to the fact that the possibilities for composing dances for four dancers are very significant: for four women, for four men, two men and two women, three men and one woman, three women and one man.

Pasdequatre of the canonical form are not as dominant in a ballet performance as pasdedeux, but nevertheless quite often used as an expressive form. The most famous examples of the pasdequatre form to a wide range of spectators, in addition to the "Dance of the Little Swans" from P. Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake", is the dance of the Fairies: Gold, Silver, Sapphires, Diamonds from P. Tchaikovsky's ballet "The Sleeping Beauty" (choreographer M. Petipa ). In the form of pasdequatre, the choreographic fantasy of Pavan Moor by H. Limon is built.

  1. Quintet

Choreographic form with five performers. This form has no analogue in the canonical structures of classical choreography, however, starting from the 20th century. has become widespread in the field of folk and modern choreography.

• Choir forms.

• choreographic work. Exists in all directions of choreography. It is a small work in which one person or several, but not more than five, participate. It can be plot and plotless.

There are three types of story miniatures in choreography:

create a so-called. plastic portrait.

2. Thematic miniature - here the conflict always lies between the characters depicted or between the characters and the circumstances in which they find themselves. In any conflict, there is necessarily an object that interests the conflicting parties. A collision occurs around this object of interest.

3. A miniature with a developed (expanded) plot - the main feature of this type of miniature is some kind of event. There must always be something happening on the stage, otherwise the audience will be bored. This is all the more important when it comes to a plot miniature, which cannot exist without showing the incident.

A choreographic miniature was formed inside a ballet performance. At the beginning of the XIX century. in Russia, divertissements by I. Ablets, I. Valberg, A. Glushkovsky made up such choreographic forms. From the middle of the XIX century. the miniature, without stopping its development as part of a divertissement in a ballet performance ("fairy tales" in "The Sleeping Beauty", national divertissements in "Swan Lake" and in "Raymonda", ballet by M. Petipa), takes the form of an independent choreographic work within so-called. "variety" performances or dance evenings ("Peasant" performed by M. Surovshchikova-Petipa, choreographer M. Petipa; "Matlot" performed by O. Preobrazhenskaya, "Bacchanalia", "Swan" - both to the music of Saint-Saens, choreographer M. Fokin).

Often, choreographic miniatures, united by a single idea, are formed into a series ("Skriabiniana" by K. Goleizovsky, "Images of Rodin" by L. Yakobson, "Pictures at an Exhibition" by F. Lopukhov). On their basis, a complete performance can be created ("Choreographic Miniatures" by L. Yakobson, "Fleeting" by K. Goleizovsky, "Choreographic Novels" by D. Bryantsev).

4. Dance theme with variations

5. Dance rondo

6. Nocturne

7. Scherzo

8. Fugue

Literature used

  1. “Music and choreography of contemporary ballet”. Publishing house "Music", 1974.
  2. "Music and choreography of modern ballet". Music Publishing House, 1979
  4. item.asp?id=25776300

Dance forms

Replace boring fitness with dancing to achieve harmony of body and soul. The main directions, addresses and prices are in our review.

For lovers of the classics

Ballet for all / Goncharnaya emb., 3 / 972-50-05

If your cherished dream is a chiseled figure and graceful gait, you should sign up for classical choreography lessons. For example, to the Ballet for All school, whose teachers are artists and soloists of the best ballet companies in Russia.

Exercises at the barre (exercises) involve a thorough study of all the muscles of the body, especially the thighs, buttocks and abdomen.

All "choreographic material" is lightened and adapted depending on your abilities (even the complexion of "students" is taken into account). Lessons for beginners are, first of all, fitness, and only then the stage. Most of the time you will spend at the barre, mastering the simplest choreographic steps, and only after that you will start learning dance etudes. A nice bonus - the lessons are held under the "live" piano accompaniment. A one-time visit will cost 750 rubles, a subscription for 8 classes from 4600 rubles.

Folk color

School of Irish Dance Iridan / 674-04-23

If you don't like to languish at the barre, pay attention to incendiary Irish dances that can easily cope with a bad mood and extra pounds. It is worth saying that during a 45-minute lesson you can spend more than 500 calories, and this is comparable only to an hour of cycling.

The Iridan School teaches classical Irish dances in soft and hard shoes and learn original programs developed by the school's masters. The craze for this type of dance is, of course, connected with the success of the world show Lord of the Dance by Michael Flatley. If you decide to study "for yourself" - choose groups with a simplified program, classes in enhanced mode are designed for those who plan to participate in "open" concerts. A trial lesson at this school is free, a subscription for a month from 2000 rubles. (8 lessons).

To lovers and hooligans

Dance class swing school / / Argentine tango club La Milonga / st. Zatsepsky Val, 4, 650-22-28

Feeling like a hero of the movie "Dandies" is quite simple. It is enough to start with swing, boogie-woogie or lindy-hop. They can teach these provocative steps in the Dance Class. Ksenia Seminikhina and Vladimir Ishimov, repeated champions of Russia and prize-winners of Europe and the world, teach here.

After a couple of lessons, you will master the simplest Lindy figure, after which you will be able to more confidently combine dance movements and improvise. Every week on Saturdays and Sundays from 20.00 to 24.00 "Dance class" arranges dance parties in the club "Buff" (Lesnaya St., 59, building 1), they are completely free, but you will have to pay for training (subscription for 8 classes - from 3000 rubles, one-time visit - 450 rubles).

Similar dance parties - milongas, are also arranged for lovers of passionate Argentinean tango in the La Milonga club. But first you have to learn all the movements. Although the impeccable performance of all technical elements in Argentine tango is not an end in itself. The main thing to teach this dance is the ability to feel and love, including your partner.

Young and bold

Miss Fitness Izmailovo / 11th Parkovaya St., 49 / 506-46-64 / / Planet Fitness /

Modern "club" dances such as hip-hop, R'n B, street dance or new style are taught in almost every school or fitness club in Moscow. The latest fashion fad is Reggaeton and Zouc.

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